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Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2.7t, pay load capacity 1.2t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.60 0.95 1.3 0.79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.41 0.48 0.74 0.40
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.12 0.18 0.25 0.15
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.010 0.022 0.027 0.018
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0045 0.0066 0.0093 0.0055
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00010 0.00020 0.00025 0.00017
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00010 0.00020 0.00025 0.00017
Average in 2016 0.052 0.076 0.11 0.063
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.15 0.22 0.31 0.18
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.097 0.13 0.19 0.11
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.032 0.053 0.071 0.044
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0080 0.012 0.017 0.010
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0052 0.0075 0.011 0.0063
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00011 0.00017 0.00023 0.00014
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00011 0.00017 0.00023 0.00014
Average in 2016 0.016 0.023 0.032 0.019
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.2 1.3 2.1 1.1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1.1 1.3 2.0 1.1
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1.0 1.3 1.9 1.1
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.77 0.98 1.5 0.82
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.53 0.77 1.1 0.64
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.44 0.62 0.88 0.52
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.14 0.23 0.31 0.19
Average in 2016 0.63 0.86 1.2 0.71
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.27 0.34 0.51 0.28
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.15 0.19 0.28 0.16
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.080 0.12 0.17 0.10
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.045 0.066 0.093 0.055
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.044 0.061 0.088 0.051
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00062 0.00084 0.0012 0.00070
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00062 0.00084 0.0012 0.00070
Average in 2016 0.048 0.067 0.10 0.056
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0042 0.0048 0.0075 0.0040
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0028 0.0030 0.0048 0.0025
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0011 0.0012 0.0019 0.0010
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0013 0.0014 0.0023 0.0012
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00074 0.00079 0.0013 0.00066
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00042 0.00058 0.00083 0.00048
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00042 0.00058 0.00083 0.00048
Average in 2016 0.0010 0.0011 0.0018 0.00094
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0060 0.0060 0.010 0.0050
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
Average in 2016 0.0041 0.0041 0.0068 0.0034
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.00069 0.00075 0.0012 0.00063
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.00068 0.00073 0.0012 0.00061
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.00067 0.00074 0.0012 0.00062
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.00063 0.00070 0.0011 0.00059
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00063 0.00070 0.0011 0.00059
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00056 0.00065 0.0010 0.00054
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00049 0.00060 0.0009 0.00050
Average in 2016 0.00062 0.00069 0.0011 0.00058
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 204 224 357 187
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 202 218 349 181
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 201 221 352 184
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 187 210 331 175
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 187 210 331 175
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 168 193 300 161
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 148 179 272 149
Average in 2016 184 207 326 173
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 205 224 357 187
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 203 219 351 182
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 203 223 355 186
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 189 211 333 176
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 189 211 333 176
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 169 194 302 162
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 149 180 274 150
Average in 2016 185 208 328 174
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 72 79 126 66
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 71 77 123 64
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 71 78 124 65
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 66 74 117 62
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 66 74 117 62
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 59 68 106 57
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 52 63 96 53
Average in 2016 65 73 115 61
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 8.7 9.6 0.15 0.080
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 8.6 9.3 0.15 0.078
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 8.6 9.5 0.15 0.079
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 8.0 9.0 0.14 0.075
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 8.0 9.0 0.14 0.075
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 7.2 8.3 0.13 0.069
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 6.3 7.6 0.12 0.064
Average in 2016 7.9 8.9 0.14 0.074
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 3.1 3.4 5.4 2.8
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3.1 3.3 5.3 2.8
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3.1 3.4 5.4 2.8
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 2.9 3.2 5.0 2.7
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 2.9 3.2 5.0 2.7
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 2.6 2.9 4.6 2.5
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 2.2 2.7 4.1 2.3
Average in 2016 2.8 3.2 5.0 2.6
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.86 0.95 1.5 0.79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.85 0.92 1.5 0.77
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.85 0.94 1.5 0.78
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.79 0.89 1.4 0.74
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.79 0.89 1.4 0.74
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.71 0.82 1.3 0.68
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.62 0.76 1.2 0.63
Average in 2016 0.78 0.88 1.4 0.73
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3.1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4.4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10.0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21.8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34.9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22.3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017