Back to the main page Excel table
Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2,7t, pay load capacity 1,2t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,60 0,95 1,3 0,79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,41 0,48 0,74 0,40
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,12 0,18 0,25 0,15
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,010 0,022 0,027 0,018
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0045 0,0066 0,0093 0,0055
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00010 0,00020 0,00025 0,00017
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00010 0,00020 0,00025 0,00017
Average in 2016 0,052 0,076 0,11 0,063
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,15 0,22 0,31 0,18
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,097 0,13 0,19 0,11
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,032 0,053 0,071 0,044
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0080 0,012 0,017 0,010
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0052 0,0075 0,011 0,0063
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00011 0,00017 0,00023 0,00014
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00011 0,00017 0,00023 0,00014
Average in 2016 0,016 0,023 0,032 0,019
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,2 1,3 2,1 1,1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1,1 1,3 2,0 1,1
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1,0 1,3 1,9 1,1
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,77 0,98 1,5 0,82
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,53 0,77 1,1 0,64
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,44 0,62 0,88 0,52
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,14 0,23 0,31 0,19
Average in 2016 0,63 0,86 1,2 0,71
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,27 0,34 0,51 0,28
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,15 0,19 0,28 0,16
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,080 0,12 0,17 0,10
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,045 0,066 0,093 0,055
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,044 0,061 0,088 0,051
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00062 0,00084 0,0012 0,00070
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00062 0,00084 0,0012 0,00070
Average in 2016 0,048 0,067 0,10 0,056
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0042 0,0048 0,0075 0,0040
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0028 0,0030 0,0048 0,0025
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0011 0,0012 0,0019 0,0010
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0013 0,0014 0,0023 0,0012
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00074 0,00079 0,0013 0,00066
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0000042 0,0000058 0,00001 0,00000
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0000042 0,0000058 0,00001 0,00000
Average in 2016 0,0009 0,0010 0,0016 0,00082
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0060 0,0060 0,010 0,0050
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
Average in 2016 0,0041 0,0041 0,0068 0,0034
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,00069 0,00075 0,0012 0,00063
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,00068 0,00073 0,0012 0,00061
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,00067 0,00074 0,0012 0,00062
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,00063 0,00070 0,0011 0,00059
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00063 0,00070 0,0011 0,00059
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00056 0,00065 0,0010 0,00054
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00049 0,00060 0,0009 0,00050
Average in 2016 0,00062 0,00069 0,0011 0,00058
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 204 224 357 187
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 202 218 349 181
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 201 221 352 184
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 187 210 331 175
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 187 210 331 175
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 168 193 300 161
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 148 179 272 149
Average in 2016 184 207 326 173
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 205 224 357 187
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 203 219 351 182
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 203 223 355 186
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 189 211 333 176
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 189 211 333 176
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 169 194 302 162
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 149 180 274 150
Average in 2016 185 208 328 174
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 72 79 126 66
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 71 77 123 64
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 71 78 124 65
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 66 74 117 62
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 66 74 117 62
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 59 68 106 57
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 52 63 96 53
Average in 2016 65 73 115 61
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 8,7 9,6 0,15 0,080
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 8,6 9,3 0,15 0,078
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 8,6 9,5 0,15 0,079
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 8,0 9,0 0,14 0,075
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 8,0 9,0 0,14 0,075
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 7,2 8,3 0,13 0,069
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 6,3 7,6 0,12 0,064
Average in 2016 7,9 8,9 0,14 0,074
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 3,1 3,4 5,4 2,8
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3,1 3,3 5,3 2,8
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3,1 3,4 5,4 2,8
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 2,9 3,2 5,0 2,7
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 2,9 3,2 5,0 2,7
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 2,6 2,9 4,6 2,5
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 2,2 2,7 4,1 2,3
Average in 2016 2,8 3,2 5,0 2,6
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,86 0,95 1,5 0,79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,85 0,92 1,5 0,77
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,85 0,94 1,5 0,78
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,79 0,89 1,4 0,74
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,79 0,89 1,4 0,74
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,71 0,82 1,3 0,68
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,62 0,76 1,2 0,63
Average in 2016 0,78 0,88 1,4 0,73
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3,1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4,4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10,0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21,8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34,9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22,3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3,6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11,5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 13.9.2018