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Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2,7t, pay load capacity 1,2t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,5 2,3 3,2 1,9
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1,1 1,3 2,0 1,1
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,35 0,43 0,65 0,36
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,093 0,12 0,18 0,10
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,032 0,042 0,062 0,035
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00054 0,0010 0,0013 0,00083
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00054 0,0010 0,0013 0,00083
Average in 2016 0,16 0,21 0,31 0,18
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,33 0,41 0,62 0,34
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,23 0,26 0,41 0,22
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,08 0,10 0,15 0,082
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,012 0,017 0,024 0,014
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,011 0,013 0,020 0,011
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00020 0,00030 0,00042 0,00025
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00020 0,00030 0,00042 0,00025
Average in 2016 0,035 0,042 0,064 0,035
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,5 1,6 2,6 1,3
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1,4 1,5 2,4 1,3
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1,1 1,4 2,1 1,2
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 1,0 1,3 1,9 1,1
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,81 0,93 1,5 0,78
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,72 0,83 1,3 0,69
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,23 0,28 0,43 0,23
Average in 2016 0,88 1,1 1,6 0,88
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,22 0,35 0,48 0,29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,18 0,26 0,37 0,22
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,11 0,16 0,23 0,13
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,053 0,65 0,59 0,54
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,053 0,65 0,59 0,54
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0012 0,0017 0,0024 0,0014
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0012 0,0017 0,0024 0,0014
Average in 2016 0,056 0,41 0,39 0,34
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0084 0,0095 0,015 0,0079
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0040 0,0060 0,0083 0,0050
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0033 0,0036 0,0058 0,0030
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0018 0,0019 0,0031 0,0016
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00050 0,00070 0,0010 0,00058
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0000050 0,0000070 0,0000 0,00001
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0000050 0,0000070 0,0000 0,00001
Average in 2016 0,0013 0,0016 0,0024 0,0013
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0000 0,0000 0,000 0,000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0020 0,0020 0,0033 0,0017
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0040 0,0040 0,0067 0,0033
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0090 0,0090 0,015 0,0075
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0090 0,0090 0,015 0,0075
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0090 0,0090 0,015 0,0075
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0090 0,0090 0,015 0,0075
Average in 2016 0,0079 0,0079 0,013 0,0066
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,00081 0,00096 0,0015 0,00080
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,00079 0,00094 0,0014 0,00079
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,00078 0,00093 0,0014 0,00078
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,00078 0,00093 0,0014 0,00078
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00078 0,00093 0,0014 0,00078
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00074 0,00091 0,0014 0,00076
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00069 0,00085 0,0013 0,00071
Average in 2016 0,00077 0,00093 0,0014 0,00077
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 241 287 440 239
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 236 281 431 234
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 232 278 425 232
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 233 278 426 232
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 233 278 426 232
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 221 273 412 227
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 207 253 383 211
Average in 2016 230 276 422 230
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 242 287 440 239
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 236 282 432 235
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 233 279 427 233
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 236 281 430 234
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 236 281 430 234
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 224 275 416 229
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 210 255 388 213
Average in 2016 232 279 426 232
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 85 101 155 84
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 83 99 152 83
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 82 98 150 82
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 82 98 150 82
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 82 98 150 82
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 78 96 145 80
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 73 89 135 74
Average in 2016 81 97 149 81
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 10,3 12,3 0,19 0,10
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 10,1 12,0 0,18 0,100
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 9,9 11,9 0,18 0,099
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 10,0 11,9 0,18 0,10
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 10,0 11,9 0,18 0,099
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 9,5 11,7 0,18 0,097
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 8,9 10,8 0,16 0,090
Average in 2016 9,8 11,8 0,18 0,098
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 3,7 4,4 6,7 3,6
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3,6 4,3 6,6 3,6
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3,5 4,2 6,5 3,5
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 3,5 4,2 6,5 3,5
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 3,5 4,2 6,5 3,5
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 3,4 4,2 6,3 3,5
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3,2 3,8 5,8 3,2
Average in 2016 3,5 4,2 6,4 3,5
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,02 1,2 1,9 1,0
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1,00 1,2 1,8 0,99
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,98 1,2 1,8 0,98
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,98 1,2 1,8 0,98
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,98 1,2 1,8 0,98
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,94 1,2 1,7 0,96
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,88 1,1 1,6 0,89
Average in 2016 0,97 1,2 1,8 0,97
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3,1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4,4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10,0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21,8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34,9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22,3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3,6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11,5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 13.9.2018