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Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2.7t, pay load capacity 1.2t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.5 2.3 3.2 1.9
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1.1 1.3 2.0 1.1
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.35 0.43 0.65 0.36
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.093 0.12 0.18 0.10
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.032 0.042 0.062 0.035
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00054 0.0010 0.0013 0.00083
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00054 0.0010 0.0013 0.00083
Average in 2016 0.16 0.21 0.31 0.18
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.33 0.41 0.62 0.34
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.23 0.26 0.41 0.22
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.08 0.10 0.15 0.082
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.012 0.017 0.024 0.014
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.011 0.013 0.020 0.011
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00020 0.00030 0.00042 0.00025
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00020 0.00030 0.00042 0.00025
Average in 2016 0.035 0.042 0.064 0.035
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.5 1.6 2.6 1.3
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1.4 1.5 2.4 1.3
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1.1 1.4 2.1 1.2
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 1.0 1.3 1.9 1.1
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.81 0.93 1.5 0.78
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.72 0.83 1.3 0.69
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.23 0.28 0.43 0.23
Average in 2016 0.88 1.1 1.6 0.88
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.22 0.35 0.48 0.29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.18 0.26 0.37 0.22
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.11 0.16 0.23 0.13
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.053 0.65 0.59 0.54
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.053 0.65 0.59 0.54
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.0012 0.0017 0.0024 0.0014
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.0012 0.0017 0.0024 0.0014
Average in 2016 0.056 0.41 0.39 0.34
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0084 0.0095 0.015 0.0079
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0040 0.0060 0.0083 0.0050
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0033 0.0036 0.0058 0.0030
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0018 0.0019 0.0031 0.0016
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00050 0.00070 0.0010 0.00058
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00050 0.00070 0.0010 0.00058
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00050 0.00070 0.0010 0.00058
Average in 2016 0.0015 0.0018 0.0027 0.0015
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0020 0.0020 0.0033 0.0017
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0040 0.0040 0.0067 0.0033
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0090 0.0090 0.015 0.0075
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0090 0.0090 0.015 0.0075
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.0090 0.0090 0.015 0.0075
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.0090 0.0090 0.015 0.0075
Average in 2016 0.0079 0.0079 0.013 0.0066
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.00081 0.00096 0.0015 0.00080
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.00079 0.00094 0.0014 0.00079
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.00078 0.00093 0.0014 0.00078
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.00078 0.00093 0.0014 0.00078
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00078 0.00093 0.0014 0.00078
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00074 0.00091 0.0014 0.00076
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00069 0.00085 0.0013 0.00071
Average in 2016 0.00077 0.00093 0.0014 0.00077
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 241 287 440 239
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 236 281 431 234
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 232 278 425 232
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 233 278 426 232
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 233 278 426 232
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 221 273 412 227
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 207 253 383 211
Average in 2016 230 276 422 230
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 242 287 440 239
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 236 282 432 235
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 233 279 427 233
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 236 281 430 234
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 236 281 430 234
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 224 275 416 229
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 210 255 388 213
Average in 2016 232 279 426 232
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 85 101 155 84
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 83 99 152 83
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 82 98 150 82
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 82 98 150 82
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 82 98 150 82
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 78 96 145 80
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 73 89 135 74
Average in 2016 81 97 149 81
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 10.3 12.3 0.19 0.10
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 10.1 12.0 0.18 0.100
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 9.9 11.9 0.18 0.099
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 10.0 11.9 0.18 0.10
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 10.0 11.9 0.18 0.099
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 9.5 11.7 0.18 0.097
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 8.9 10.8 0.16 0.090
Average in 2016 9.8 11.8 0.18 0.098
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 3.7 4.4 6.7 3.6
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3.6 4.3 6.6 3.6
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3.5 4.2 6.5 3.5
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 3.5 4.2 6.5 3.5
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 3.5 4.2 6.5 3.5
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 3.4 4.2 6.3 3.5
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3.2 3.8 5.8 3.2
Average in 2016 3.5 4.2 6.4 3.5
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.02 1.2 1.9 1.0
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1.00 1.2 1.8 0.99
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.98 1.2 1.8 0.98
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.98 1.2 1.8 0.98
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.98 1.2 1.8 0.98
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.94 1.2 1.7 0.96
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.88 1.1 1.6 0.89
Average in 2016 0.97 1.2 1.8 0.97
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3.1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4.4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10.0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21.8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34.9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22.3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017