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Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2,7t, pay load capacity 1,2t
Delivery driving
Share of highway mileage 30 %
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,2 1,9 2,6 1,6
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,88 1,1 1,6 0,88
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,28 0,36 0,53 0,30
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,068 0,091 0,13 0,076
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,024 0,031 0,046 0,026
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00041 0,00076 0,0010 0,00063
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00041 0,00076 0,0010 0,00063
Average in 2016 0,13 0,17 0,25 0,14
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,28 0,35 0,53 0,29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,19 0,22 0,34 0,18
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,066 0,085 0,13 0,070
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,011 0,016 0,022 0,013
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0093 0,011 0,017 0,0095
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00017 0,00026 0,00036 0,00022
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00017 0,00026 0,00036 0,00022
Average in 2016 0,029 0,036 0,055 0,030
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 1,4 1,5 2,4 1,3
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1,3 1,5 2,3 1,2
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1,1 1,4 2,0 1,1
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,90 1,2 1,7 0,99
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,73 0,88 1,3 0,74
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,64 0,77 1,2 0,64
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,20 0,27 0,39 0,22
Average in 2016 0,80 1,0 1,5 0,83
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,24 0,35 0,49 0,29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,17 0,24 0,34 0,20
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,10 0,15 0,21 0,12
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,051 0,47 0,44 0,40
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,050 0,47 0,44 0,39
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0010 0,0014 0,0021 0,0012
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0010 0,0014 0,0021 0,0012
Average in 2016 0,054 0,30 0,30 0,25
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0071 0,0081 0,013 0,007
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0036 0,0051 0,0073 0,0043
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0026 0,0029 0,0046 0,0024
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0017 0,0018 0,0028 0,0015
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00057 0,00073 0,0011 0,00061
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00000 0,00001 0,0000 0,00001
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00000 0,00001 0,0000 0,00001
Average in 2016 0,0012 0,0014 0,0022 0,0012
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000 0,0000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,0026 0,0026 0,0043 0,0022
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,0046 0,0046 0,0077 0,0038
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,0075 0,0075 0,012 0,0062
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,0075 0,0075 0,012 0,0062
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,0075 0,0075 0,012 0,0062
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,0075 0,0075 0,012 0,0062
Average in 2016 0,0068 0,0068 0,011 0,0056
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,00077 0,00090 0,0014 0,00075
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,00076 0,00088 0,0014 0,00073
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,00075 0,00088 0,0014 0,00073
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,00073 0,00086 0,0013 0,00072
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,00073 0,00086 0,0013 0,00072
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,00069 0,00083 0,0013 0,00069
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,00063 0,00077 0,0012 0,00064
Average in 2016 0,00072 0,00086 0,0013 0,00071
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 230 268 415 223
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 225 262 406 218
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 223 261 403 218
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 219 258 397 215
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 219 258 397 215
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 205 249 378 207
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 189 231 350 192
Average in 2016 216 256 393 213
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 230 268 416 224
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 226 263 408 219
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 224 262 406 219
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 221 260 401 217
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 221 260 401 217
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 208 251 382 209
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 192 233 354 194
Average in 2016 218 258 396 215
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 81 94 146 79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 79 92 143 77
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 78 92 142 77
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 77 91 140 76
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 77 91 140 76
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 72 88 133 73
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 67 81 123 68
Average in 2016 76 90 138 75
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 9,8 11,5 0,18 0,10
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 9,6 11,2 0,17 0,093
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 9,5 11,2 0,17 0,093
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 9,4 11,0 0,17 0,092
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 9,4 11,0 0,17 0,092
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 8,8 10,6 0,16 0,089
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 8,1 9,9 0,15 0,082
Average in 2016 9,2 10,9 0,17 0,091
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 3,5 4,1 6,3 3,4
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3,4 4,0 6,2 3,3
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3,4 4,0 6,1 3,3
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 3,3 3,9 6,1 3,3
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 3,3 3,9 6,1 3,3
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 3,1 3,8 5,8 3,2
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 2,9 3,5 5,3 2,9
Average in 2016 3,3 3,9 6,0 3,2
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1,2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1,2t load)
--> 1992 0,97 1,13 1,76 0,94
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0,95 1,11 1,72 0,92
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0,94 1,10 1,71 0,92
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0,93 1,09 1,68 0,91
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0,93 1,09 1,68 0,91
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0,87 1,05 1,60 0,88
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0,80 0,98 1,48 0,81
Average in 2016 0,9 1,1 1,66 0,90
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3,1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4,4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10,0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21,8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34,9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22,3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3,6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11,5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 13.9.2018