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Van, diesel
Gross vehicle mass 2.7t, pay load capacity 1.2t
Delivery driving
Share of highway mileage 30%
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.2 1.9 2.6 1.6
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.88 1.1 1.6 0.88
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.28 0.36 0.53 0.30
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.068 0.091 0.13 0.076
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.024 0.031 0.046 0.026
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00041 0.00076 0.0010 0.00063
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00041 0.00076 0.0010 0.00063
Average in 2016 0.13 0.17 0.25 0.14
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.28 0.35 0.53 0.29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.19 0.22 0.34 0.18
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.066 0.085 0.13 0.070
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.011 0.016 0.022 0.013
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0093 0.011 0.017 0.0095
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00017 0.00026 0.00036 0.00022
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00017 0.00026 0.00036 0.00022
Average in 2016 0.029 0.036 0.055 0.030
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 1.4 1.5 2.4 1.3
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 1.3 1.5 2.3 1.2
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 1.1 1.4 2.0 1.1
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.90 1.2 1.7 0.99
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.73 0.88 1.3 0.74
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.64 0.77 1.2 0.64
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.20 0.27 0.39 0.22
Average in 2016 0.80 1.0 1.5 0.83
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.24 0.35 0.49 0.29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.17 0.24 0.34 0.20
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.10 0.15 0.21 0.12
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.051 0.47 0.44 0.40
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.050 0.47 0.44 0.39
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.0010 0.0014 0.0021 0.0012
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.0010 0.0014 0.0021 0.0012
Average in 2016 0.054 0.30 0.30 0.25
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0071 0.0081 0.013 0.007
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0036 0.0051 0.0073 0.0043
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0026 0.0029 0.0046 0.0024
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0017 0.0018 0.0028 0.0015
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00057 0.00073 0.0011 0.00061
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00048 0.00066 0.0010 0.00055
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00048 0.00066 0.0010 0.00055
Average in 2016 0.0013 0.0016 0.0024 0.0013
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.0026 0.0026 0.0043 0.0022
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.0046 0.0046 0.0077 0.0038
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.0075 0.0075 0.012 0.0062
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.0075 0.0075 0.012 0.0062
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.0075 0.0075 0.012 0.0062
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.0075 0.0075 0.012 0.0062
Average in 2016 0.0068 0.0068 0.011 0.0056
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.00077 0.00090 0.0014 0.00075
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.00076 0.00088 0.0014 0.00073
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.00075 0.00088 0.0014 0.00073
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.00073 0.00086 0.0013 0.00072
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.00073 0.00086 0.0013 0.00072
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.00069 0.00083 0.0013 0.00069
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.00063 0.00077 0.0012 0.00064
Average in 2016 0.00072 0.00086 0.0013 0.00071
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 230 268 415 223
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 225 262 406 218
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 223 261 403 218
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 219 258 397 215
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 219 258 397 215
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 205 249 378 207
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 189 231 350 192
Average in 2016 216 256 393 213
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 230 268 416 224
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 226 263 408 219
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 224 262 406 219
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 221 260 401 217
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 221 260 401 217
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 208 251 382 209
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 192 233 354 194
Average in 2016 218 258 396 215
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 81 94 146 79
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 79 92 143 77
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 78 92 142 77
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 77 91 140 76
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 77 91 140 76
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 72 88 133 73
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 67 81 123 68
Average in 2016 76 90 138 75
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 9.8 11.5 0.18 0.10
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 9.6 11.2 0.17 0.093
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 9.5 11.2 0.17 0.093
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 9.4 11.0 0.17 0.092
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 9.4 11.0 0.17 0.092
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 8.8 10.6 0.16 0.089
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 8.1 9.9 0.15 0.082
Average in 2016 9.2 10.9 0.17 0.091
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 3.5 4.1 6.3 3.4
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 3.4 4.0 6.2 3.3
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 3.4 4.0 6.1 3.3
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 3.3 3.9 6.1 3.3
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 3.3 3.9 6.1 3.3
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 3.1 3.8 5.8 3.2
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 2.9 3.5 5.3 2.9
Average in 2016 3.3 3.9 6.0 3.2
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (1.2t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (1.2t load)
--> 1992 0.97 1.13 1.76 0.94
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 0.95 1.11 1.72 0.92
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 0.94 1.10 1.71 0.92
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 0.93 1.09 1.68 0.91
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 0.93 1.09 1.68 0.91
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 0.87 1.05 1.60 0.88
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 0.80 0.98 1.48 0.81
Average in 2016 0.9 1.1 1.66 0.90
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 3.1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1997) 4.4
EURO 2 (1998 - 2001) 10.0
EURO 3 (2002 - 2006) 21.8
EURO 4 (2007 - 2011) 34.9
EURO 5 (2012 - 2015) 22.3
EURO 6 (2016 -->) 3.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017