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Full trailer combination
Gross vehicle mass 76t, pay load capacity 51t, 9 axles
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.12 0.14 0.0037 0.0027
Average in 2016 0.12 0.14 0.0037 0.0027
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.011 0.021 0.00051 0.00042
Average in 2016 0.011 0.021 0.00051 0.00042
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.21 0.29 0.0074 0.0057
Average in 2016 0.21 0.29 0.0074 0.0057
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0043 0.0056 0.00015 0.00011
Average in 2016 0.0043 0.0056 0.00015 0.00011
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00070 0.00080 0.000022 0.000016
Average in 2016 0.00070 0.00080 0.000022 0.000016
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.050 0.052 0.0014 0.0010
Average in 2016 0.050 0.052 0.0014 0.0010
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0029 0.0047 0.00012 0.000093
Average in 2016 0.0029 0.0047 0.00012 0.000093
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 857 1416 35 28
Average in 2016 857 1416 35 28
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 872 1432 35 28
Average in 2016 872 1432 35 28
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 302 499 12 10
Average in 2016 302 499 12 10
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 36.6 60.5 0.015 0.012
Average in 2016 36.6 60.5 0.015 0.012
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 13 22 0.53 0.42
Average in 2016 13 22 0.53 0.42
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (51t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (51t load)
--> 1992        
EURO I (1993 - 1996)
EURO II (1997 - 1998)        
EURO III (1999 - 2003)
EURO IV (2004 - 2007)        
EURO V (2008 - 2013 )
EURO VI (2014 --> 3.6 6.0 0.15 0.12
Average in 2016 3.6 6.0 0.15 0.12
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.0
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0
EURO VI (2014 --> 100.0
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017