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Full trailer combination
Gross vehicle mass 60t, pay load capacity 40t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 1.7 2.8 0.088 0.070
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2 2.0 0.062 0.049
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.94 1.3 0.043 0.033
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.48 0.77 0.024 0.019
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.30 0.40 0.013 0.010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.15 0.17 0.0059 0.0043
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.12 0.13 0.0045 0.0033
Average in 2016 0.37 0.52 0.017 0.013
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.42 0.51 0.017 0.013
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.40 0.43 0.015 0.011
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.32 0.37 0.013 0.0093
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.13 0.18 0.0059 0.0045
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.019 0.019 0.00068 0.00048
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.019 0.019 0.00068 0.00048
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.010 0.020 0.00061 0.00050
Average in 2016 0.084 0.10 0.0035 0.0026
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 16 23 0.75 0.58
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 11 16 0.52 0.41
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 9.4 14 0.45 0.35
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 6.2 9.3 0.30 0.23
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 4.2 5.0 0.17 0.13
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 3.0 4.0 0.13 0.10
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.20 0.28 0.0091 0.0070
Average in 2016 4.7 6.5 0.21 0.16
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.26 0.41 0.013 0.010
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.17 0.27 0.0085 0.0067
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.077 0.12 0.0038 0.0030
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.051 0.080 0.0026 0.0020
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.030 0.047 0.0015 0.0012
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.030 0.045 0.0014 0.0011
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0040 0.0050 0.00017 0.00013
Average in 2016 0.040 0.062 0.0020 0.0016
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.026 0.027 0.00095 0.00068
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.018 0.019 0.00067 0.00047
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.013 0.014 0.00048 0.00034
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.010 0.011 0.00038 0.00027
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0020 0.0020 0.000070 0.000049
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0020 0.0020 0.000070 0.000049
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00070 0.00080 0.000028 0.000020
Average in 2016 0.0054 0.0056 0.00020 0.00014
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.011 0.011 0.00039 0.00027
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.011 0.011 0.00039 0.00027
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.010 0.010 0.00036 0.00025
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.007 0.007 0.00025 0.00018
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.019 0.019 0.00069 0.00048
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.056 0.056 0.0020 0.0014
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.048 0.048 0.0017 0.0012
Average in 2016 0.029 0.029 0.0010 0.00073
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.0025 0.0039 0.00012 0.00010
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0026 0.0039 0.00013 0.00010
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0026 0.0040 0.00013 0.00010
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0027 0.0041 0.00013 0.00010
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0026 0.0040 0.00013 0.00010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0026 0.0040 0.00013 0.00010
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0026 0.0039 0.00013 0.00010
Average in 2016 0.0026 0.0040 0.00013 0.00010
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 759 1153 37 29
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 772 1171 38 29
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 784 1190 38 30
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 805 1222 39 31
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 784 1190 38 30
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 784 1190 38 30
EURO VI (2014 --> 767 1178 38 29
Average in 2016 788 1197 38 30
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 763 1157 37 29
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 776 1175 38 29
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 788 1194 38 30
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 807 1224 39 31
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 790 1196 38 30
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 801 1207 39 30
EURO VI (2014 --> 781 1193 38 30
Average in 2016 796 1205 39 30
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 267 406 13 10
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 272 413 13 10
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 276 419 13 10
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 283 430 14 11
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 276 419 13 10
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 276 419 13 10
EURO VI (2014 --> 270 415 13 10
Average in 2016 277 421 14 11
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 32.5 49.3 0.016 0.012
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 33.0 50.1 0.016 0.013
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 33.5 50.9 0.016 0.013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 34.4 52.2 0.017 0.013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 33.5 50.9 0.016 0.013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 33.5 50.9 0.016 0.013
EURO VI (2014 --> 32.8 50.4 0.016 0.013
Average in 2016 33.7 51.1 0.016 0.013
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 12 18 0.56 0.44
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 12 18 0.57 0.45
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 12 18 0.58 0.45
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 12 19 0.60 0.47
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 12 18 0.58 0.45
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 12 18 0.58 0.45
EURO VI (2014 --> 12 18 0.57 0.45
Average in 2016 12 18 0.58 0.46
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 3.2 4.9 0.16 0.12
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 3.3 5.0 0.16 0.12
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 3.3 5.0 0.16 0.13
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 3.4 5.2 0.17 0.13
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.3 5.0 0.16 0.13
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 3.3 5.0 0.16 0.13
EURO VI (2014 --> 3.2 5.0 0.16 0.12
Average in 2016 3.3 5.1 0.16 0.13
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017