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Full trailer combination
Gross vehicle mass 60t, pay load capacity 40t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 3.6 5.2 0.17 0.13
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.9 3.7 0.12 0.093
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.3 3.3 0.11 0.082
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.2 3.2 0.10 0.080
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.1 2.8 0.092 0.070
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.0 2.7 0.089 0.068
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.25 0.30 0.010 0.0075
Average in 2016 2.0 2.7 0.089 0.068
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 1.2 1.3 0.046 0.033
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.1 1.3 0.044 0.032
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.75 0.85 0.029 0.021
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.68 0.73 0.026 0.018
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.064 0.098 0.0031 0.0024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.11 0.15 0.0048 0.0036
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.047 0.0016 0.0012
Average in 2016 0.32 0.36 0.013 0.0091
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 24 43 1.3 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 17 30 0.93 0.74
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 15 26 0.79 0.64
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 11 19 0.59 0.48
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 9.0 15 0.46 0.36
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 5.3 8.5 0.27 0.21
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.47 0.57 0.019 0.014
Average in 2016 8.3 14 0.44 0.35
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 1.00 1.2 0.041 0.030
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.65 1.0 0.032 0.025
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.29 0.53 0.016 0.013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.28 0.34 0.012 0.0085
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.070 0.050 0.0020 0.0013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.070 0.050 0.0020 0.0013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0070 0.0085 0.00029 0.00021
Average in 2016 0.15 0.18 0.0062 0.0046
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.054 0.082 0.0026 0.0021
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.037 0.058 0.0018 0.0014
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.027 0.041 0.0013 0.0010
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.021 0.033 0.0011 0.00082
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0014 0.0025 0.000077 0.000062
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0014 0.0025 0.000077 0.000062
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0010 0.0020 0.000061 0.000050
Average in 2016 0.010 0.015 0.00048 0.00038
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.020 0.030 0.0010 0.00075
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.020 0.030 0.0010 0.00075
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.020 0.030 0.0010 0.00075
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0090 0.0090 0.00032 0.00023
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.023 0.030 0.0010 0.00075
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.049 0.057 0.0020 0.0014
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.045 0.050 0.0017 0.0013
Average in 2016 0.029 0.035 0.0012 0.0009
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 0.0040 0.0070 0.00022 0.00018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0040 0.0071 0.00022 0.00018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0041 0.0072 0.00022 0.00018
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0042 0.0074 0.00023 0.00019
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0041 0.0073 0.00023 0.00018
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0041 0.0073 0.00023 0.00018
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0040 0.0073 0.00023 0.00018
Average in 2016 0.0041 0.0073 0.00023 0.00018
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 1180 2091 65 52
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1200 2125 66 53
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1219 2159 67 54
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1251 2216 69 55
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1218 2184 68 55
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1218 2184 68 55
EURO VI (2014 --> 1207 2178 67 54
Average in 2016 1225 2188 68 55
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 1188 2102 65 53
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1207 2136 66 53
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1226 2169 67 54
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1254 2220 69 55
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1225 2193 68 55
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1233 2201 68 55
EURO VI (2014 --> 1220 2193 68 55
Average in 2016 1234 2199 68 55
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 416 737 23 18
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 423 749 23 19
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 429 761 24 19
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 441 781 24 20
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 429 769 24 19
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 429 769 24 19
EURO VI (2014 --> 425 767 24 19
Average in 2016 431 770 24 19
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 50.5 89.4 0.028 0.022
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 51.3 90.8 0.028 0.023
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 52.1 92.3 0.029 0.023
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 53.5 94.7 0.029 0.024
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 52.1 93.3 0.029 0.023
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 52.1 93.3 0.029 0.023
EURO VI (2014 --> 51.6 93.1 0.029 0.023
Average in 2016 52.4 93.5 0.029 0.023
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 18 32 0.99 0.80
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 18 32 1.00 0.81
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 19 33 1.02 0.82
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 19 34 1.05 0.84
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 19 33 1.03 0.83
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 19 33 1.03 0.83
EURO VI (2014 --> 18 33 1.03 0.83
Average in 2016 19 33 1.03 0.83
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (40t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (40t load)
--> 1992 5.0 8.8 0.27 0.22
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 5.1 9.0 0.28 0.22
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 5.2 9.1 0.28 0.23
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 5.3 9.4 0.29 0.23
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 5.2 9.2 0.29 0.23
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 5.2 9.2 0.29 0.23
EURO VI (2014 --> 5.1 9.2 0.28 0.23
Average in 2016 5.2 9.3 0.29 0.23
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017