Back to the main page Excel table
Semi trailer combination
Gross vehicle mass 40t, pay load capacity 25t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 1.2 1.6 0.085 0.064
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.95 1.3 0.066 0.050
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.62 0.88 0.046 0.035
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.40 0.60 0.031 0.024
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.20 0.35 0.017 0.014
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.13 0.13 0.0074 0.0052
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.10 0.11 0.0061 0.0044
Average in 2016 0.28 0.39 0.020 0.016
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.32 0.44 0.023 0.018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.32 0.39 0.021 0.016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.22 0.28 0.015 0.011
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.10 0.12 0.0066 0.0048
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.017 0.017 0.0010 0.00068
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.017 0.017 0.0010 0.00068
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0090 0.017 0.00083 0.00068
Average in 2016 0.065 0.077 0.0042 0.0031
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 15 19 1.0 0.77
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 10 13 0.71 0.54
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 8.7 12 0.61 0.46
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 5.8 7.7 0.41 0.31
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.7 4.2 0.23 0.17
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.8 3.0 0.17 0.12
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.18 0.25 0.013 0.010
Average in 2016 4.3 5.3 0.29 0.21
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.25 0.33 0.018 0.013
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.16 0.22 0.011 0.0087
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.073 0.10 0.0051 0.0039
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.049 0.065 0.0034 0.0026
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.026 0.035 0.0018 0.0014
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.026 0.030 0.0016 0.0012
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0033 0.0045 0.00024 0.00018
Average in 2016 0.037 0.048 0.0025 0.0019
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.021 0.022 0.0013 0.00089
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.015 0.016 0.00088 0.00062
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.011 0.011 0.00063 0.00044
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0085 0.0089 0.00050 0.00035
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0014 0.0015 0.000085 0.000062
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0014 0.0015 0.000085 0.000062
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00060 0.00070 0.000038 0.000028
Average in 2016 0.0043 0.0045 0.00025 0.00018
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.011 0.011 0.00063 0.00044
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.011 0.011 0.00063 0.00044
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.010 0.010 0.00057 0.00040
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0070 0.0070 0.00040 0.00028
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.019 0.019 0.0011 0.00077
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.056 0.056 0.0032 0.0022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.048 0.048 0.0027 0.0019
Average in 2016 0.029 0.029 0.0017 0.0012
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.0022 0.0032 0.00016 0.00013
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0021 0.0031 0.00016 0.00012
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0021 0.0033 0.00017 0.00013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0021 0.0033 0.00017 0.00013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0021 0.0032 0.00016 0.00013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0021 0.0032 0.00016 0.00013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0021 0.0029 0.00015 0.00012
Average in 2016 0.0021 0.0032 0.00016 0.00013
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 653 943 49 38
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 633 923 48 37
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 625 971 50 39
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 627 974 50 39
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 619 954 49 38
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 619 954 49 38
EURO VI (2014 --> 613 866 45 35
Average in 2016 621 953 49 38
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 657 946 49 38
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 637 926 48 37
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 628 974 50 39
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 630 976 50 39
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 625 960 49 38
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 636 971 50 39
EURO VI (2014 --> 628 880 46 35
Average in 2016 630 962 49 38
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 230 332 17 13
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 223 325 17 13
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 220 342 17 14
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 221 343 18 14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 218 336 17 13
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 218 336 17 13
EURO VI (2014 --> 216 305 16 12
Average in 2016 219 336 17 13
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 27.9 40.3 0.021 0.016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 27.1 39.4 0.020 0.016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 26.7 41.5 0.021 0.017
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 26.8 41.6 0.021 0.017
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 26.5 40.8 0.021 0.016
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 26.5 40.8 0.021 0.016
EURO VI (2014 --> 26.2 37.0 0.019 0.015
Average in 2016 26.6 40.7 0.021 0.016
43.71530433
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 10 14 0.74 0.57
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 10 14 0.73 0.56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 10 15 0.75 0.59
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 10 15 0.76 0.59
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 9.4 15 0.74 0.58
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 9.4 15 0.74 0.58
EURO VI (2014 --> 9.3 13 0.69 0.53
Average in 2016 9.5 15 0.74 0.58
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 2.8 4.0 0.21 0.16
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.7 3.9 0.20 0.16
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.6 4.1 0.21 0.16
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.7 4.1 0.21 0.16
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.6 4.0 0.21 0.16
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.6 4.0 0.21 0.16
EURO VI (2014 --> 2.6 3.7 0.19 0.15
Average in 2016 2.6 4.0 0.21 0.16
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017