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Semi trailer combination
Gross vehicle mass 40t, pay load capacity 25t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 3.1 4.9 0.25 0.19
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.5 2.8 0.16 0.11
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.4 1.8 0.094 0.071
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.1 1.5 0.081 0.062
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.90 1.2 0.063 0.048
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.80 1.1 0.058 0.044
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.22 0.25 0.014 0.010
Average in 2016 0.94 1.3 0.066 0.050
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 1.1 1.2 0.067 0.048
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.95 1.0 0.056 0.040
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.72 0.80 0.044 0.032
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.59 0.63 0.035 0.025
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.053 0.074 0.0039 0.0030
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.10 0.11 0.0061 0.0044
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.031 0.039 0.0021 0.0016
Average in 2016 0.28 0.31 0.017 0.013
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 20 31 1.6 1.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 14 21 1.1 0.86
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 12 18 0.94 0.73
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 8.8 13 0.65 0.50
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 7.5 10 0.53 0.40
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4.5 6.3 0.33 0.25
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.40 0.50 0.027 0.020
Average in 2016 6.9 9.7 0.51 0.39
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.70 0.90 0.048 0.036
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.52 0.75 0.039 0.030
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.22 0.36 0.018 0.014
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.21 0.28 0.015 0.011
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.050 0.055 0.0031 0.0022
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.050 0.055 0.0031 0.0022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0058 0.0072 0.00039 0.00029
Average in 2016 0.11 0.15 0.0079 0.0060
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.044 0.068 0.0035 0.0027
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.031 0.047 0.0024 0.0019
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.022 0.034 0.0017 0.0014
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.018 0.027 0.0014 0.0011
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0011 0.0021 0.00010 0.000085
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0011 0.0021 0.00010 0.000085
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0010 0.0020 0.00010 0.000080
Average in 2016 0.0079 0.012 0.00063 0.00050
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.015 0.030 0.0015 0.0012
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.015 0.030 0.0015 0.0012
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.015 0.030 0.0015 0.0012
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0090 0.0090 0.00051 0.00036
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.023 0.025 0.0014 0.0010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.049 0.057 0.0031 0.0023
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.045 0.050 0.0028 0.0020
Average in 2016 0.029 0.034 0.0019 0.0014
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 0.0034 0.0055 0.00028 0.00022
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0033 0.0054 0.00027 0.00022
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0032 0.0055 0.00028 0.00022
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0032 0.0056 0.00028 0.00023
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0032 0.0055 0.00027 0.00022
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0032 0.0055 0.00027 0.00022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0032 0.0055 0.00027 0.00022
Average in 2016 0.0032 0.0055 0.00028 0.00022
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 999 1647 83 66
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 980 1616 81 65
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 965 1642 82 66
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 965 1685 84 67
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 951 1642 82 66
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 951 1642 82 66
EURO VI (2014 --> 951 1641 82 66
Average in 2016 957 1652 82 66
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 1005 1657 84 66
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 985 1626 82 65
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 970 1651 83 66
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 968 1688 84 68
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 958 1649 82 66
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 966 1659 83 66
EURO VI (2014 --> 965 1656 83 66
Average in 2016 965 1662 83 66
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 352 580 29 23
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 345 569 29 23
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 340 578 29 23
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 340 593 30 24
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 335 578 29 23
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 335 578 29 23
EURO VI (2014 --> 335 578 29 23
Average in 2016 337 582 29 23
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 42.7 70.4 0.035 0.028
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 41.9 69.1 0.035 0.028
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 41.3 70.2 0.035 0.028
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 41.3 72.0 0.036 0.029
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 40.7 70.2 0.035 0.028
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 40.7 70.2 0.035 0.028
EURO VI (2014 --> 40.7 70.1 0.035 0.028
Average in 2016 40.9 70.6 0.035 0.028
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 15 25 1.3 1.0
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 15 25 1.2 1.0
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 15 25 1.3 1.0
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 15 26 1.3 1.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 14 25 1.2 1.0
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 14 25 1.2 1.0
EURO VI (2014 --> 14 25 1.2 1.0
Average in 2016 15 25 1.3 1.0
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 70%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 4.2 7.0 0.35 0.28
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.1 6.8 0.34 0.27
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.1 6.9 0.35 0.28
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4.1 7.1 0.36 0.29
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 4.0 6.9 0.35 0.28
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4.0 6.9 0.35 0.28
EURO VI (2014 --> 4.0 6.9 0.35 0.28
Average in 2016 4.0 7.0 0.35 0.28
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017