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Earth moving lorry
Gross vehicle mass 32t, pay load capacity 19t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 1,0 1,6 0,14 0,084
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,80 1,1 0,10 0,058
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,55 0,80 0,071 0,042
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,37 0,50 0,046 0,026
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,20 0,32 0,027 0,017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,13 0,14 0,014 0,0074
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,090 0,10 0,010 0,0053
Average in 2016 0,26 0,35 0,032 0,019
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,32 0,40 0,038 0,021
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,30 0,35 0,034 0,018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,20 0,25 0,024 0,013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,10 0,150 0,013 0,00789
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,013 0,015 0,0015 0,00079
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,013 0,015 0,0015 0,00079
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,0082 0,015 0,0012 0,00079
Average in 2016 0,059 0,079 0,0073 0,0042
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 9,7 13 1,2 0,68
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9,5 11 1,06 0,56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7,5 9,5 0,89 0,50
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4,9 6,4 0,59 0,34
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3,4 3,8 0,38 0,20
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2,5 2,6 0,27 0,14
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,17 0,24 0,022 0,013
Average in 2016 3,7 4,5 0,43 0,24
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,24 0,32 0,029 0,017
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,15 0,21 0,019 0,011
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,070 0,090 0,0084 0,0047
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,047 0,060 0,0056 0,0032
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,023 0,030 0,0028 0,0016
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,023 0,030 0,0028 0,0016
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,0030 0,0040 0,00037 0,00021
Average in 2016 0,034 0,045 0,0042 0,0023
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,022 0,023 0,0023 0,0012
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,015 0,016 0,0016 0,00083
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,011 0,011 0,0012 0,00059
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,0087 0,0090 0,00093 0,00047
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,00075 0,00081 0,000083 0,000043
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,00075 0,00081 0,000083 0,000043
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,00060 0,00060 0,000063 0,000032
Average in 2016 0,0040 0,0042 0,00043 0,00022
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,011 0,011 0,0012 0,00058
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,011 0,011 0,0012 0,00058
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,010 0,010 0,0011 0,00053
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,0070 0,0070 0,00074 0,00037
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,019 0,019 0,0020 0,0010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,056 0,056 0,0059 0,0029
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,048 0,048 0,0051 0,0025
Average in 2016 0,029 0,029 0,0031 0,0015
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,0020 0,0027 0,00025 0,00014
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,0019 0,0026 0,00024 0,00014
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,0019 0,0026 0,00023 0,00013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,0019 0,0026 0,00024 0,00014
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,0018 0,0025 0,00023 0,00013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,0018 0,0025 0,00023 0,00013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,0018 0,0025 0,00023 0,00013
Average in 2016 0,0018 0,0025 0,00023 0,00013
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 582 817 74 43
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 568 779 71 41
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 555 764 69 40
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 566 778 71 41
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 541 742 68 39
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 542 739 67 39
EURO VI (2014 --> 541 735 67 39
Average in 2016 549 752 68 40
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 586 821 74 43
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 571 783 71 41
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 558 767 70 40
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 568 780 71 41
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 547 748 68 39
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 558 755 69 40
EURO VI (2014 --> 555 750 69 39
Average in 2016 558 761 69 40
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 205 288 26 15
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 200 274 25 14
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 195 269 24 14
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 199 274 25 14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 190 261 24 14
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 191 260 24 14
EURO VI (2014 --> 191 259 24 14
Average in 2016 193 265 24 14
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 24,9 34,9 0,031 0,018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 24,3 33,3 0,030 0,018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 23,7 32,7 0,030 0,017
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24,2 33,2 0,030 0,017
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 23,1 31,7 0,029 0,017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 23,2 31,6 0,029 0,017
EURO VI (2014 --> 23,1 31,4 0,029 0,017
Average in 2016 23,5 32,1 0,029 0,017
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 8,9 12 1,1 0,65
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 8,6 12 1,1 0,62
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 8,5 12 1,1 0,61
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 8,6 12 1,1 0,62
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 8,2 11 1,0 0,59
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 8,3 11 1,0 0,59
EURO VI (2014 --> 8,2 11 1,0 0,59
Average in 2016 8,4 11 1,0 0,60
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 2,5 3,5 0,31 0,18
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2,4 3,3 0,30 0,17
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2,3 3,2 0,29 0,17
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2,4 3,3 0,30 0,17
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2,3 3,1 0,29 0,17
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2,3 3,1 0,29 0,16
EURO VI (2014 --> 2,3 3,1 0,28 0,16
Average in 2016 2,3 3,2 0,29 0,17
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0,2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1,2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11,1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24,5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22,2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32,2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8,6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11,5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 13.9.2018