Back to the main page Excel table
Earth moving lorry
Gross vehicle mass 32t, pay load capacity 19t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 1.0 1.6 0.14 0.084
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.80 1.1 0.10 0.058
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.55 0.80 0.071 0.042
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.37 0.50 0.046 0.026
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.20 0.32 0.027 0.017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.13 0.14 0.014 0.0074
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.090 0.10 0.010 0.0053
Average in 2016 0.26 0.35 0.032 0.019
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.32 0.40 0.038 0.021
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.30 0.35 0.034 0.018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.20 0.25 0.024 0.013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.10 0.015 0.006 0.00079
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.013 0.015 0.0015 0.00079
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.013 0.015 0.0015 0.00079
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0082 0.015 0.0012 0.00079
Average in 2016 0.059 0.046 0.0055 0.0024
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 9.7 13 1.2 0.68
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9.5 11 1.06 0.56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7.5 9.5 0.89 0.50
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4.9 6.4 0.59 0.34
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.4 3.8 0.38 0.20
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.5 2.6 0.27 0.14
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.17 0.24 0.022 0.013
Average in 2016 3.7 4.5 0.43 0.24
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.24 0.32 0.029 0.017
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.15 0.21 0.019 0.011
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.070 0.090 0.0084 0.0047
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.047 0.060 0.0056 0.0032
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.023 0.030 0.0028 0.0016
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.023 0.030 0.0028 0.0016
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0030 0.0040 0.00037 0.00021
Average in 2016 0.034 0.045 0.0042 0.0023
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.022 0.023 0.0023 0.0012
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.015 0.016 0.0016 0.00083
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.011 0.011 0.0012 0.00059
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0087 0.0090 0.00093 0.00047
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00075 0.00081 0.000083 0.000043
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00075 0.00081 0.000083 0.000043
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00060 0.00060 0.000063 0.000032
Average in 2016 0.0040 0.0042 0.00043 0.00022
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.011 0.011 0.0012 0.00058
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.011 0.011 0.0012 0.00058
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.010 0.010 0.0011 0.00053
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0070 0.0070 0.00074 0.00037
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.019 0.019 0.0020 0.0010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.056 0.056 0.0059 0.0029
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.048 0.048 0.0051 0.0025
Average in 2016 0.029 0.029 0.0031 0.0015
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.0020 0.0027 0.00025 0.00014
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0019 0.0026 0.00024 0.00014
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0019 0.0026 0.00023 0.00013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0019 0.0026 0.00024 0.00014
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0018 0.0025 0.00023 0.00013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0018 0.0025 0.00023 0.00013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0018 0.0025 0.00023 0.00013
Average in 2016 0.0018 0.0025 0.00023 0.00013
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 582 817 74 43
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 568 779 71 41
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 555 764 69 40
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 566 778 71 41
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 541 742 68 39
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 542 739 67 39
EURO VI (2014 --> 541 735 67 39
Average in 2016 549 752 68 40
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 586 821 74 43
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 571 783 71 41
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 558 767 70 40
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 568 780 71 41
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 547 748 68 39
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 558 755 69 40
EURO VI (2014 --> 555 750 69 39
Average in 2016 558 761 69 40
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 205 288 26 15
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 200 274 25 14
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 195 269 24 14
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 199 274 25 14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 190 261 24 14
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 191 260 24 14
EURO VI (2014 --> 191 259 24 14
Average in 2016 193 265 24 14
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 24.9 34.9 0.031 0.018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 24.3 33.3 0.030 0.018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 23.7 32.7 0.030 0.017
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.2 33.2 0.030 0.017
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 23.1 31.7 0.029 0.017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 23.2 31.6 0.029 0.017
EURO VI (2014 --> 23.1 31.4 0.029 0.017
Average in 2016 23.5 32.1 0.029 0.017
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 8.9 12 1.1 0.65
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 8.6 12 1.1 0.62
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 8.5 12 1.1 0.61
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 8.6 12 1.1 0.62
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 8.2 11 1.0 0.59
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 8.3 11 1.0 0.59
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.2 11 1.0 0.59
Average in 2016 8.4 11 1.0 0.60
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 2.5 3.5 0.31 0.18
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.4 3.3 0.30 0.17
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.3 3.2 0.29 0.17
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.4 3.3 0.30 0.17
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.3 3.1 0.29 0.17
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.3 3.1 0.29 0.16
EURO VI (2014 --> 2.3 3.1 0.28 0.16
Average in 2016 2.3 3.2 0.29 0.17
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017