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Earth moving lorry
Gross vehicle mass 32t, pay load capacity 19t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 3.1 4.0 0.37 0.21
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.3 3.7 0.32 0.20
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.2 1.3 0.13 0.068
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.2 1.3 0.13 0.068
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.0 1.2 0.12 0.063
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.90 1.1 0.11 0.058
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.20 0.23 0.023 0.012
Average in 2016 1.0 1.2 0.11 0.061
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 1.1 1.2 0.12 0.063
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.70 0.80 0.079 0.042
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.50 0.60 0.058 0.032
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.45 0.50 0.050 0.026
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.030 0.040 0.0037 0.0021
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.030 0.040 0.0037 0.0021
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.027 0.035 0.0033 0.0018
Average in 2016 0.20 0.23 0.022 0.012
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 13 23 1.9 1.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9.8 16 1.3 0.82
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 9.7 15 1.3 0.77
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 7.7 11 0.96 0.55
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 6.0 8.0 0.74 0.42
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4.2 5.5 0.51 0.29
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.37 0.46 0.044 0.024
Average in 2016 5.8 8.0 0.73 0.42
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.59 0.81 0.074 0.043
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.47 0.66 0.059 0.035
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.20 0.30 0.026 0.016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.19 0.24 0.023 0.013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.045 0.050 0.0050 0.0026
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.045 0.050 0.0050 0.0026
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0052 0.0066 0.00062 0.00035
Average in 2016 0.10 0.13 0.012 0.0068
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.046 0.070 0.0061 0.0037
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.032 0.049 0.0043 0.0026
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.023 0.035 0.0031 0.0019
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.018 0.028 0.0024 0.0015
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00077 0.0013 0.00011 0.000069
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00077 0.0013 0.00011 0.000069
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00060 0.00090 0.000079 0.000047
Average in 2016 0.0080 0.012 0.0011 0.00065
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.015 0.030 0.0024 0.0016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.015 0.030 0.0024 0.0016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.015 0.030 0.0024 0.0016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0090 0.0090 0.00095 0.00047
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.023 0.025 0.0025 0.0013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.049 0.057 0.0056 0.0030
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.045 0.050 0.0050 0.0026
Average in 2016 0.029 0.034 0.0033 0.0018
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0.0030 0.0048 0.00041 0.00025
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0029 0.0047 0.00040 0.00025
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0028 0.0046 0.00039 0.00024
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0029 0.0047 0.00040 0.00025
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0027 0.0046 0.00038 0.00024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0027 0.0046 0.00038 0.00024
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0027 0.0046 0.00039 0.00024
Average in 2016 0.0028 0.0046 0.00039 0.00024
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 880 1434 122 75
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 866 1393 119 73
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 826 1369 116 72
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 870 1395 119 73
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 812 1364 115 72
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 814 1367 115 72
EURO VI (2014 --> 819 1367 115 72
Average in 2016 830 1374 116 72
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 886 1445 123 76
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 871 1403 120 74
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 831 1379 116 73
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 873 1398 120 74
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 819 1372 115 72
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 829 1384 116 73
EURO VI (2014 --> 832 1382 117 73
Average in 2016 838 1384 117 73
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 310 505 43 27
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 305 491 42 26
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 291 482 41 25
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 306 491 42 26
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 286 480 40 25
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 287 481 40 25
EURO VI (2014 --> 288 481 41 25
Average in 2016 292 484 41 25
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 37.6 61.3 0.052 0.032
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 37.0 59.6 0.051 0.031
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 35.3 58.5 0.049 0.031
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 37.2 59.6 0.051 0.031
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 34.7 58.3 0.049 0.031
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 34.8 58.4 0.049 0.031
EURO VI (2014 --> 35.0 58.4 0.049 0.031
Average in 2016 35.5 58.7 0.050 0.031
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 13 22 1.9 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 13 21 1.8 1.1
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 13 21 1.8 1.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 13 21 1.8 1.1
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 12 21 1.7 1.1
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 12 21 1.7 1.1
EURO VI (2014 --> 12 21 1.8 1.1
Average in 2016 13 21 1.8 1.1
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 3.7 6.1 0.52 0.32
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 3.7 5.9 0.50 0.31
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 3.5 5.8 0.49 0.30
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 3.7 5.9 0.50 0.31
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.4 5.8 0.48 0.30
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 3.4 5.8 0.49 0.30
EURO VI (2014 --> 3.5 5.8 0.49 0.30
Average in 2016 3.5 5.8 0.49 0.31
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017