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Earth moving lorry
Gross vehicle mass 32t, pay load capacity 19t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 3,1 4,0 0,37 0,21
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2,3 3,7 0,32 0,20
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1,2 1,3 0,13 0,068
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1,2 1,3 0,13 0,068
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1,0 1,2 0,12 0,063
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,90 1,1 0,11 0,058
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,20 0,23 0,023 0,012
Average in 2016 1,0 1,2 0,11 0,061
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 1,1 1,2 0,12 0,063
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,70 0,80 0,079 0,042
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,50 0,60 0,058 0,032
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,45 0,50 0,050 0,026
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,030 0,040 0,0037 0,0021
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,030 0,040 0,0037 0,0021
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,027 0,035 0,0033 0,0018
Average in 2016 0,20 0,23 0,022 0,012
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 13 23 1,9 1,2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9,8 16 1,3 0,82
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 9,7 15 1,3 0,77
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 7,7 11 0,96 0,55
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 6,0 8,0 0,74 0,42
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4,2 5,5 0,51 0,29
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,37 0,46 0,044 0,024
Average in 2016 5,8 8,0 0,73 0,42
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,59 0,81 0,074 0,043
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,47 0,66 0,059 0,035
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,20 0,30 0,026 0,016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,19 0,24 0,023 0,013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,045 0,050 0,0050 0,0026
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,045 0,050 0,0050 0,0026
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,0052 0,0066 0,00062 0,00035
Average in 2016 0,10 0,13 0,012 0,0068
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,046 0,070 0,0061 0,0037
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,032 0,049 0,0043 0,0026
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,023 0,035 0,0031 0,0019
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,018 0,028 0,0024 0,0015
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,00077 0,0013 0,00011 0,000069
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,00077 0,0013 0,00011 0,000069
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,00060 0,00090 0,000079 0,000047
Average in 2016 0,0080 0,012 0,0011 0,00065
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,015 0,030 0,0024 0,0016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,015 0,030 0,0024 0,0016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,015 0,030 0,0024 0,0016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,0090 0,0090 0,00095 0,00047
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,023 0,025 0,0025 0,0013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,049 0,057 0,0056 0,0030
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,045 0,050 0,0050 0,0026
Average in 2016 0,029 0,034 0,0033 0,0018
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 0,0030 0,0048 0,00041 0,00025
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0,0029 0,0047 0,00040 0,00025
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0,0028 0,0046 0,00039 0,00024
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0,0029 0,0047 0,00040 0,00025
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0,0027 0,0046 0,00038 0,00024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0,0027 0,0046 0,00038 0,00024
EURO VI (2014 --> 0,0027 0,0046 0,00039 0,00024
Average in 2016 0,0028 0,0046 0,00039 0,00024
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 880 1434 122 75
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 866 1393 119 73
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 826 1369 116 72
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 870 1395 119 73
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 812 1364 115 72
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 814 1367 115 72
EURO VI (2014 --> 819 1367 115 72
Average in 2016 830 1374 116 72
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (25t load)
--> 1992 886 1445 123 76
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 871 1403 120 74
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 831 1379 116 73
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 873 1398 120 74
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 819 1372 115 72
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 829 1384 116 73
EURO VI (2014 --> 832 1382 117 73
Average in 2016 838 1384 117 73
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 310 505 43 27
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 305 491 42 26
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 291 482 41 25
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 306 491 42 26
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 286 480 40 25
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 287 481 40 25
EURO VI (2014 --> 288 481 41 25
Average in 2016 292 484 41 25
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 37,6 61,3 0,052 0,032
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 37,0 59,6 0,051 0,031
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 35,3 58,5 0,049 0,031
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 37,2 59,6 0,051 0,031
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 34,7 58,3 0,049 0,031
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 34,8 58,4 0,049 0,031
EURO VI (2014 --> 35,0 58,4 0,049 0,031
Average in 2016 35,5 58,7 0,050 0,031
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 13 22 1,9 1,1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 13 21 1,8 1,1
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 13 21 1,8 1,1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 13 21 1,8 1,1
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 12 21 1,7 1,1
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 12 21 1,7 1,1
EURO VI (2014 --> 12 21 1,8 1,1
Average in 2016 13 21 1,8 1,1
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (19t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (19t load)
--> 1992 3,7 6,1 0,52 0,32
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 3,7 5,9 0,50 0,31
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 3,5 5,8 0,49 0,30
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 3,7 5,9 0,50 0,31
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3,4 5,8 0,48 0,30
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 3,4 5,8 0,49 0,30
EURO VI (2014 --> 3,5 5,8 0,49 0,30
Average in 2016 3,5 5,8 0,49 0,31
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0,2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1,2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11,1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24,5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22,2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32,2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8,6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11,5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 13.9.2018