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Delivery lorry, heavy
Gross vehicle mass 15t, pay load capacity 9t
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 1.4 1.6 0.34 0.18
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.82 1.2 0.22 0.13
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.40 0.6 0.11 0.067
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.25 0.38 0.070 0.042
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.15 0.25 0.044 0.028
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.10 0.13 0.026 0.014
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.063 0.067 0.014 0.0074
Average in 2016 0.19 0.28 0.052 0.031
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.25 0.35 0.067 0.039
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.23 0.30 0.059 0.033
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.15 0.18 0.037 0.020
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.08 0.10 0.020 0.011
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.010 0.010 0.0022 0.0011
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.010 0.010 0.0022 0.0011
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0065 0.010 0.0018 0.0011
Average in 2016 0.046 0.055 0.011 0.0061
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 6.6 8.7 1.7 0.96
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.6 6.1 1.2 0.67
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.0 5.2 1.0 0.58
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.6 3.5 0.68 0.38
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.0 2.5 0.50 0.28
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.2 1.6 0.31 0.18
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.14 0.20 0.038 0.022
Average in 2016 2.0 2.6 0.51 0.29
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.22 0.27 0.054 0.030
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.14 0.19 0.037 0.021
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.065 0.08 0.016 0.0089
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.043 0.055 0.011 0.0061
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.015 0.020 0.0039 0.0022
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.015 0.020 0.0039 0.0022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0021 0.0026 0.00052 0.00029
Average in 2016 0.028 0.036 0.0072 0.0040
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.023 0.023 0.0051 0.0026
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.016 0.016 0.0036 0.0018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.011 0.012 0.0026 0.0013
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.009 0.009 0.0021 0.0010
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00036 0.00044 0.000088 0.000049
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00036 0.00044 0.000088 0.000049
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00030 0.00040 0.000078 0.000044
Average in 2016 0.0039 0.0041 0.00090 0.00046
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.008 0.008 0.0018 0.0009
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.021 0.0048 0.0024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.042 0.043 0.0094 0.0048
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.040 0.0089 0.0044
Average in 2016 0.025 0.026 0.0057 0.0029
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.0013 0.0016 0.00032 0.00018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0012 0.0014 0.00029 0.00016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
Average in 2016 0.0012 0.0015 0.00030 0.00016
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 383 481 96 53
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 367 440 90 49
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 356 427 87 47
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 368 439 90 49
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 366 437 89 49
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 366 437 89 49
EURO VI (2014 --> 366 437 89 49
Average in 2016 365 437 89 49
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 388 485 97 54
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 371 445 91 49
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 360 432 88 48
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 370 442 90 49
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 373 444 91 49
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 379 450 92 50
EURO VI (2014 --> 378 449 92 50
Average in 2016 373 445 91 49
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 135 169 34 19
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 129 155 32 17
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 125 150 31 17
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 129 155 32 17
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 129 154 31 17
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 129 154 31 17
EURO VI (2014 --> 129 154 31 17
Average in 2016 129 154 31 17
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 16.4 20.5 0.041 0.023
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 15.7 18.8 0.038 0.021
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 15.2 18.3 0.037 0.020
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 15.7 18.8 0.038 0.021
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 15.7 18.7 0.038 0.021
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 15.7 18.7 0.038 0.021
EURO VI (2014 --> 15.7 18.7 0.038 0.021
Average in 2016 15.6 18.7 0.038 0.021
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 5.8 7.3 1.5 0.81
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 5.4 6.5 1.3 0.72
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
EURO VI (2014 --> 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
Average in 2016 5.6 6.7 1.4 0.74
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 1.6 2.0 0.41 0.23
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.6 1.9 0.38 0.21
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.5 1.8 0.37 0.20
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.6 1.9 0.38 0.21
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.5 1.8 0.38 0.21
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.5 1.8 0.38 0.21
EURO VI (2014 --> 1.5 1.8 0.38 0.21
Average in 2016 1.5 1.8 0.38 0.21
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017