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Delivery lorry, heavy
Gross vehicle mass 15t, pay load capacity 9t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 2.7 3.4 0.68 0.38
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.3 1.7 0.32 0.18
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.97 1.3 0.25 0.14
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.0 1.3 0.25 0.14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.93 1.1 0.23 0.13
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.83 1.0 0.20 0.11
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.14 0.17 0.034 0.019
Average in 2016 0.85 1.1 0.21 0.12
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 1.0 1.1 0.23 0.12
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.49 0.50 0.11 0.055
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.33 0.40 0.081 0.044
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.27 0.32 0.066 0.036
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.025 0.030 0.0061 0.0033
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.025 0.030 0.0061 0.0033
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.018 0.027 0.0050 0.0030
Average in 2016 0.13 0.15 0.031 0.017
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 6.5 10.3 1.9 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 5.0 7.2 1.4 0.80
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.9 6.8 1.3 0.76
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4.0 5.9 1.1 0.66
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.5 4.3 0.87 0.48
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.8 3.2 0.67 0.36
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.23 0.33 0.062 0.037
Average in 2016 3.3 4.3 0.85 0.48
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.40 0.50 0.10 0.056
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.24 0.30 0.061 0.033
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.12 0.14 0.029 0.016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.10 0.12 0.024 0.013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.030 0.040 0.0078 0.0044
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.030 0.040 0.0078 0.0044
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0032 0.0044 0.00084 0.00049
Average in 2016 0.058 0.072 0.014 0.0080
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.051 0.077 0.014 0.0085
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.036 0.054 0.0099 0.0060
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.025 0.038 0.0071 0.0043
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.020 0.031 0.0057 0.0034
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00055 0.0011 0.00019 0.00013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00055 0.0011 0.00019 0.00013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00050 0.0011 0.00018 0.00012
Average in 2016 0.0087 0.013 0.0024 0.0015
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.008 0.008 0.0018 0.0009
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.021 0.0048 0.0024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.040 0.045 0.0094 0.0050
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.045 0.0094 0.0050
Average in 2016 0.025 0.027 0.0057 0.0030
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.0014 0.0021 0.00039 0.00024
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0015 0.0022 0.00040 0.00024
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0015 0.0022 0.00041 0.00024
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0015 0.0023 0.00042 0.00025
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0015 0.0022 0.00042 0.00025
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0015 0.0022 0.00042 0.00025
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0015 0.0022 0.00042 0.00025
Average in 2016 0.0015 0.0022 0.00042 0.00025
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 426 634 118 70
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 433 644 120 72
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 440 654 122 73
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 452 671 125 75
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 460 667 125 74
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 460 667 125 74
EURO VI (2014 --> 460 667 125 74
Average in 2016 455 666 125 74
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 432 640 119 71
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 438 649 121 72
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 445 659 123 73
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 454 675 125 75
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 466 674 127 75
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 472 681 128 76
EURO VI (2014 --> 472 681 128 76
Average in 2016 463 675 126 75
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 150 223 41 25
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 153 227 42 25
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 155 230 43 26
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 159 236 44 26
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 162 235 44 26
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 162 235 44 26
EURO VI (2014 --> 162 235 44 26
Average in 2016 160 235 44 26
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 18.2 27.1 0.050 0.030
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 18.5 27.5 0.051 0.031
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 18.8 28.0 0.052 0.031
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 19.3 28.7 0.053 0.032
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 19.7 28.5 0.054 0.032
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 19.7 28.5 0.054 0.032
EURO VI (2014 --> 19.7 28.5 0.054 0.032
Average in 2016 19.5 28.5 0.053 0.032
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 6.5 10 1.8 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 6.6 10 1.8 1.1
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 6.7 10 1.9 1.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 6.9 10 1.9 1.1
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 7.0 10 1.9 1.1
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 7.0 10 1.9 1.1
EURO VI (2014 --> 7.0 10 1.9 1.1
Average in 2016 6.9 10 1.9 1.1
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 1.8 2.7 0.50 0.30
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.8 2.7 0.51 0.30
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.9 2.8 0.51 0.31
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.9 2.8 0.53 0.32
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.9 2.8 0.53 0.31
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.9 2.8 0.53 0.31
EURO VI (2014 --> 1.9 2.8 0.53 0.31
Average in 2016 1.9 2.8 0.53 0.31
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017