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Delivery lorry, heavy
Gross vehicle mass 15t, pay load capacity 9t
Delivery driving
Share of highway mileage 30%
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 2.4 2.9 0.58 0.32
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.1 1.5 0.29 0.17
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.80 1.1 0.21 0.12
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.74 1.0 0.19 0.11
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.70 0.88 0.17 0.10
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.61 0.74 0.15 0.083
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.12 0.14 0.028 0.015
Average in 2016 0.65 0.83 0.16 0.09
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.78 0.88 0.18 0.10
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.41 0.44 0.094 0.049
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.28 0.33 0.068 0.037
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.21 0.25 0.052 0.028
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.024 0.0049 0.0027
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.021 0.024 0.0049 0.0027
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.015 0.022 0.0041 0.0024
Average in 2016 0.10 0.12 0.025 0.013
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 6.5 9.8 1.8 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.9 6.8 1.3 0.76
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.6 6.3 1.2 0.70
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 3.6 5.2 0.97 0.57
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.1 3.8 0.76 0.42
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.3 2.7 0.56 0.30
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.20 0.29 0.055 0.032
Average in 2016 2.9 3.8 0.75 0.42
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.35 0.43 0.086 0.048
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.21 0.27 0.053 0.030
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.10 0.12 0.025 0.014
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.083 0.10 0.020 0.011
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.026 0.034 0.0066 0.0038
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.026 0.034 0.0066 0.0038
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0029 0.0039 0.00075 0.00043
Average in 2016 0.049 0.061 0.012 0.0068
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.042 0.061 0.011 0.0068
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.030 0.043 0.0080 0.0047
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.021 0.030 0.0057 0.0034
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.017 0.024 0.0046 0.0027
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00049 0.00093 0.00016 0.00010
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00049 0.00093 0.00016 0.00010
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00044 0.00089 0.00015 0.00010
Average in 2016 0.0073 0.011 0.0020 0.0012
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.014 0.014 0.0031 0.0016
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0080 0.0080 0.0018 0.00089
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.021 0.0048 0.0024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.041 0.044 0.0094 0.0049
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.044 0.0093 0.0048
Average in 2016 0.025 0.026 0.0057 0.0029
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 0.0014 0.0020 0.00037 0.00022
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0014 0.0020 0.00037 0.00022
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0014 0.0020 0.00037 0.00022
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0014 0.0020 0.00038 0.00022
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0014 0.0020 0.00038 0.00022
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0014 0.0020 0.00038 0.00022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0014 0.0020 0.00038 0.00022
Average in 2016 0.0014 0.0020 0.00038 0.00022
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 413 588 111 65
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 413 583 111 65
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 415 586 111 65
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 426 602 114 67
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 432 598 114 66
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 432 598 114 66
EURO VI (2014 --> 432 598 114 66
Average in 2016 428 598 114 66
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 418 593 112 66
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 418 588 112 65
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 419 591 112 66
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 429 605 115 67
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 438 605 116 67
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 444 611 117 68
EURO VI (2014 --> 444 611 117 68
Average in 2016 436 606 116 67
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 146 207 39 23
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 146 205 39 23
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 146 206 39 23
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 150 212 40 24
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 152 211 40 23
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 152 211 40 23
EURO VI (2014 --> 152 211 40 23
Average in 2016 151 210 40 23
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 17.7 25.1 0.048 0.028
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 17.7 24.9 0.047 0.028
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 17.7 25.0 0.048 0.028
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 18.2 25.7 0.049 0.029
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 18.5 25.6 0.049 0.028
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 18.5 25.6 0.049 0.028
EURO VI (2014 --> 18.5 25.6 0.049 0.028
Average in 2016 18.3 25.5 0.049 0.028
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 6.3 8.9 1.7 1.0
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 6.3 8.9 1.7 1.0
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 6.3 8.9 1.7 1.0
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 6.5 9.2 1.7 1.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 6.6 9.1 1.7 1.0
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 6.6 9.1 1.7 1.0
EURO VI (2014 --> 6.6 9.1 1.7 1.0
Average in 2016 6.5 9.1 1.7 1.0
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (9t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (9t load)
--> 1992 1.75 2.49 0.47 0.28
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.75 2.46 0.47 0.27
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.75 2.48 0.47 0.28
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.80 2.55 0.48 0.28
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.83 2.53 0.48 0.28
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.83 2.53 0.48 0.28
EURO VI (2014 --> 1.83 2.53 0.48 0.28
Average in 2016 1.8 2.5 0.48 0.28
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017