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Delivery lorry, light
Gross vehicle mass 6t, pay load capacity 3.5t
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 2.2 2.4 1.3 0.69
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.71 0.91 0.46 0.26
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.54 0.70 0.35 0.20
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.40 0.50 0.26 0.14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.11 0.13 0.069 0.037
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.11 0.13 0.069 0.037
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.070 0.080 0.043 0.023
Average in 2016 0.24 0.29 0.15 0.084
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.80 1.00 0.51 0.29
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.29 0.30 0.17 0.086
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.20 0.25 0.13 0.071
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.15 0.18 0.094 0.051
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.020 0.023 0.012 0.0066
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.020 0.023 0.012 0.0066
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.010 0.020 0.0086 0.0057
Average in 2016 0.076 0.091 0.048 0.026
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 2.8 4.0 1.9 1.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.2 3.2 1.6 0.91
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.9 2.7 1.3 0.76
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.3 1.9 0.90 0.53
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.0 1.0 0.57 0.29
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.60 0.60 0.34 0.17
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.10 0.20 0.086 0.057
Average in 2016 1.0 1.2 0.63 0.35
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.35 0.39 0.21 0.11
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.14 0.16 0.086 0.046
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.070 0.080 0.043 0.023
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.060 0.070 0.037 0.020
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.020 0.012 0.0091 0.0034
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.020 0.012 0.0091 0.0034
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0010 0.0020 0.00086 0.00057
Average in 2016 0.036 0.035 0.020 0.010
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.050 0.080 0.037 0.023
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.040 0.060 0.029 0.017
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.025 0.040 0.019 0.011
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.020 0.030 0.014 0.0086
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00040 0.00069 0.00031 0.00020
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00040 0.00069 0.00031 0.00020
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00030 0.00040 0.00020 0.00011
Average in 2016 0.009 0.013 0.0062 0.0037
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.008 0.008 0.0046 0.0023
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.021 0.012 0.0061
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.040 0.045 0.024 0.013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.045 0.024 0.013
Average in 2016 0.025 0.027 0.015 0.0077
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.00092 0.0012 0.00061 0.00035
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.00093 0.0012 0.00062 0.00035
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.00095 0.0013 0.00063 0.00036
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.00097 0.0013 0.00065 0.00037
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00095 0.0013 0.00063 0.00036
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00095 0.0013 0.00063 0.00036
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00093 0.0012 0.00062 0.00035
Average in 2016 0.00095 0.0013 0.00063 0.00036
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 274 363 182 104
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 279 369 185 105
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 283 374 188 107
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 291 384 193 110
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 283 374 188 107
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 283 374 188 107
EURO VI (2014 --> 278 369 185 105
Average in 2016 285 376 189 108
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 280 369 185 105
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 284 374 188 107
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 288 380 191 108
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 294 387 195 111
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 290 381 192 109
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 295 388 195 111
EURO VI (2014 --> 290 383 192 109
Average in 2016 292 385 193 110
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 97 128 64 36
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 98 130 65 37
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 100 132 66 38
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 102 135 68 39
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 100 132 66 38
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 100 132 66 38
EURO VI (2014 --> 98 130 65 37
Average in 2016 100 133 67 38
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 11.7 15.5 0.078 0.044
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 11.9 15.8 0.079 0.045
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 12.1 16.0 0.080 0.046
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 12.4 16.4 0.082 0.047
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 12.1 16.0 0.080 0.046
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 12.1 16.0 0.080 0.046
EURO VI (2014 --> 11.9 15.8 0.079 0.045
Average in 2016 12.2 16.1 0.081 0.046
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 4.2 5.5 2.8 1.6
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.2 5.6 2.8 1.6
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.3 5.7 2.9 1.6
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4.4 5.9 2.9 1.7
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 4.3 5.7 2.9 1.6
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4.3 5.7 2.9 1.6
EURO VI (2014 --> 4.2 5.6 2.8 1.6
Average in 2016 4.3 5.7 2.9 1.6
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 1.2 1.5 0.77 0.44
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2 1.6 0.78 0.45
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.2 1.6 0.80 0.45
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.2 1.6 0.82 0.46
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.2 1.6 0.80 0.45
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.2 1.6 0.80 0.45
EURO VI (2014 --> 1.2 1.6 0.78 0.45
Average in 2016 1.2 1.6 0.80 0.45
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017