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Delivery lorry, light
Gross vehicle mass 6t, pay load capacity 3.5t
Delivery driving
Share of highway mileage 30%
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per tonne kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 1.9 2.1 1.2 0.60
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.74 0.90 0.47 0.26
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.44 0.61 0.30 0.17
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.31 0.43 0.21 0.12
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.10 0.12 0.061 0.034
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.088 0.10 0.054 0.029
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.058 0.065 0.035 0.019
Average in 2016 0.19 0.25 0.13 0.072
HC [g/km] HC [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.62 0.79 0.40 0.23
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.24 0.25 0.14 0.072
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.16 0.20 0.10 0.06
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.12 0.14 0.076 0.041
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.017 0.019 0.010 0.0055
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.015 0.017 0.0093 0.0049
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0082 0.015 0.0067 0.0043
Average in 2016 0.062 0.073 0.039 0.021
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 2.8 4.1 2.0 1.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.2 3.3 1.6 0.94
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.9 2.7 1.3 0.78
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.3 1.9 0.92 0.55
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.99 1.0 0.57 0.29
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.60 0.60 0.34 0.17
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.10 0.19 0.081 0.053
Average in 2016 1.0 1.3 0.64 0.36
PM [g/km] PM [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.31 0.35 0.19 0.10
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.13 0.16 0.081 0.045
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.067 0.077 0.041 0.022
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.054 0.064 0.034 0.018
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.017 0.013 0.0085 0.0037
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.017 0.013 0.0085 0.0037
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0010 0.0017 0.00077 0.00049
Average in 2016 0.032 0.034 0.019 0.010
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.043 0.065 0.031 0.019
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.033 0.049 0.023 0.014
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.021 0.033 0.016 0.010
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.017 0.024 0.012 0.0069
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00032 0.00053 0.00024 0.00015
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00032 0.00053 0.00024 0.00015
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00024 0.00033 0.00016 0.000094
Average in 2016 0.0072 0.011 0.0051 0.0030
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.014 0.014 0.0080 0.0040
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.008 0.008 0.0046 0.0023
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.021 0.021 0.012 0.006
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.040 0.044 0.024 0.012
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.039 0.043 0.024 0.012
Average in 2016 0.025 0.026 0.015 0.0075
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 0.00090 0.0011 0.00059 0.00033
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.00092 0.0012 0.00060 0.00033
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.00093 0.0012 0.00061 0.00034
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.00096 0.0012 0.00062 0.00035
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00093 0.0012 0.00061 0.00034
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.00093 0.0012 0.00061 0.00034
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00091 0.0012 0.00059 0.00033
Average in 2016 0.00094 0.0012 0.00061 0.00034
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 270 343 175 98
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 274 349 178 100
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 278 354 181 101
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 286 363 185 104
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 278 354 181 101
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 278 354 181 101
EURO VI (2014 --> 271 344 176 98
Average in 2016 280 356 181 102
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 275 349 178 100
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 279 354 181 101
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 283 359 184 103
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 289 366 187 105
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 285 361 184 103
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 290 367 188 105
EURO VI (2014 --> 283 357 183 102
Average in 2016 287 364 186 104
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 95 121 62 35
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 97 123 63 35
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 98 125 64 36
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 101 128 65 37
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 98 125 64 36
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 98 125 64 36
EURO VI (2014 --> 96 121 62 35
Average in 2016 98 125 64 36
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 11.5 14.7 0.075 0.042
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 11.7 14.9 0.076 0.043
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.9 15.1 0.077 0.043
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 12.2 15.5 0.079 0.044
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 11.9 15.1 0.077 0.043
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 11.9 15.1 0.077 0.043
EURO VI (2014 --> 11.6 14.7 0.075 0.042
Average in 2016 11.9 15.2 0.078 0.043
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 4.1 5.2 2.7 1.5
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.2 5.3 2.7 1.5
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 4.2 5.4 2.8 1.5
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 4.4 5.5 2.8 1.6
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 4.2 5.4 2.8 1.5
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 4.2 5.4 2.8 1.5
EURO VI (2014 --> 4.1 5.2 2.7 1.5
Average in 2016 4.3 5.4 2.8 1.5
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/tkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (3.5t load) partially loaded (e.g. 50%)  fully loaded (3.5t load)
--> 1992 1.1 1.5 0.74 0.41
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2 1.5 0.75 0.42
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 1.2 1.5 0.76 0.43
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 1.2 1.5 0.78 0.44
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 1.2 1.5 0.76 0.43
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 1.2 1.5 0.76 0.43
EURO VI (2014 --> 1.1 1.5 0.74 0.42
Average in 2016 1.2 1.5 0.77 0.43
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.2
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 11.1
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 24.5
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 22.2
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 32.2
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.6
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017