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Average emissions and energy use of working machines per power use in Finland in 2016
Emissions [g/kWh]
Drivable machines, diesel Average power [kW] Average load factor CO HC NOx PM CH4  N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e Consumption [g/kWh] Energy [MJ/kWh]
Cranes 99 0.26 4.4 1.1 6.2 0.36 0.048 0.015 0.0025 823 828 260 11
Other lifts, diesel 33 0.30 5.3 1.4 6.8 0.52 0.050 0.014 0.0026 861 866 272 12
Forklifts, diesel 88 0.30 4.1 0.89 5.0 0.23 0.050 0.013 0.0025 825 830 261 11
Bulldozers 112 0.40 4.2 1.1 6.6 0.37 0.048 0.015 0.0025 816 821 258 11
Graders 149 0.37 3.4 0.88 5.9 0.30 0.047 0.016 0.0024 804 810 254 11
Rollers 45 0.30 4.8 1.0 5.3 0.34 0.049 0.014 0.0026 846 852 268 12
Wheel loaders 94 0.33 4.1 0.9 5.4 0.29 0.049 0.014 0.0025 823 828 260 11
Backhoe loaders 74 0.33 5.3 1.1 6.2 0.35 0.050 0.014 0.0025 837 842 265 11
Miniexcavators 22 0.40 6.2 2.5 9 0.95 0.049 0.013 0.0026 852 857 270 12
Excavators, skid steer 104 0.31 4.2 0.73 4.2 0.19 0.050 0.013 0.0025 824 829 261 11
Excavators, rubber tire 88 0.32 4.3 0.77 4.3 0.21 0.049 0.013 0.0025 829 834 262 11
Farm tractors 77 0.31 4.7 1.0 5.5 0.36 0.050 0.014 0.0025 846 852 263 11
Tractors in industry 67 0.29 6.8 1.5 8.2 0.58 0.053 0.013 0.0026 849 854 268 12
Maintenance tractors 62 0.28 4.3 0.73 4.1 0.23 0.050 0.013 0.0025 858 863 264 11
Other tractors 58 0.27 4.9 1.9 10 0.75 0.043 0.021 0.0025 816 823 258 11
Combines 89 0.57 4.3 0.86 5.0 0.26 0.049 0.014 0.0025 825 831 261 11
Harvesters 149 0.40 1.7 0.22 1.2 0.02 0.046 0.013 0.0024 798 803 252 11
Forwarders (forest tractors) 105 0.30 2.4 0.29 1.8 0.06 0.047 0.013 0.0025 813 818 257 11
Dumpers 153 0.30 3.8 0.83 5.0 0.21 0.050 0.014 0.0025 812 818 257 11
Sid steer loaders 50 0.25 4.5 0.92 5.1 0.30 0.049 0.013 0.0025 837 843 265 11
Telehandlers 78 0.28 4.7 0.90 5.1 0.26 0.050 0.013 0.0025 834 839 264 11
Lawn tractor, diesel 12 0.30 6.3 2.8 10 1.1 0.047 0.013 0.0026 856 861 271 12
Other drivable machines, diesel 89 0.36 3.8 0.72 4.0 0.17 0.051 0.013 0.0025 824 830 261 11
Drivable machines, gasoline
Forklift, gasoline 30 0.30 348 7.1 3.9 0.060 0.69 0.030 0.0056 1096 1122 374 16
Forklift, gas 30 0.30 16 15 8.8 0.070 1.0 0.050 0.00056 1066 1106 371 17
Riding mowers, gasoline 10 0.50 338 9.6 4.4 0.060 1.2 0.030 0.0055 1072 1111 366 15
Other drivable, gasoline 10 0.50 330 9.3 4.6 0.060 1.2 0.030 0.0054 1055 1094 360 15
Moveable machines, diesel
Generator sets, diesel 35 0.50 5.4 1.8 8.1 0.70 0.049 0.014 0.0026 858 863 271 12
Compressors 70 0.60 4.7 1.1 6.1 0.38 0.049 0.014 0.0025 833 839 264 11
Compactors, diesel 6.0 0.70 8.5 3.9 12 1.53 0.050 0.013 0.0027 873 878 276 12
Other moveable machines, diesel 37 0.50 5.6 1.8 8.1 0.7 0.050 0.014 0.003 858 863 271 12
Moveable machines, gasoline (including handheld machines )
Plate compactors 3.5 0.60 361 18 3.9 0.060 2.3 0.030 0.0056 1102 1167 376 16
Lawn movers, handheld 3.0 0.40 409 23 3.5 0.060 2.5 0.030 0.0059 1156 1228 394 17
Soil cultivator 3.0 0.50 339 19 4.0 0.060 2.5 0.030 0.0055 1073 1144 366 15
Snow blowers 7.0 0.30 366 13 3.9 0.060 1.5 0.030 0.0057 1121 1166 382 16
Generator sets, gasoline 3.0 0.60 340 19 4.0 0.060 2.5 0.030 0.0055 1073 1144 366 15
Other moveable machines, gasoline 3.0 0.50 372 20 3.8 0.060 2.5 0.030 0.0057 1112 1183 379 16
Professional chain saws 2.5 0.60 360 54 1.4 2.50 4.1 0.010 0.0075 1466 1571 500 21
Chain saws, hobby 1.5 0.30 378 59 1.3 2.50 5.3 0.010 0.0078 1519 1654 518 22
Clearing saws 2.0 0.40 377 58 1.3 2.50 4.6 0.010 0.0077 1514 1632 517 22
Trimmers 1.0 0.40 412 82 1.3 2.6 6.6 0.010 0.0081 1589 1757 542 23
Other handheld machines 1.0 0.40 395 73 1.3 2.55 6.6 0.010 0.0080 1564 1732 534 22
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = Greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017