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Average emissions and energy use of working machines per fuel in Finland in 2016
Emissions [g/fuel litre]
Drivable machines, diesel Average power [kW] Average load factor CO HC NOx PM CH4  N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e
Cranes 99 0.26 14 3.4 20 1.2 0.16 0.048 0.0081 2655 2673
Other lifts, diesel 33 0.30 16 4.3 21 1.6 0.15 0.042 0.0081 2656 2672
Forklifts, diesel 88 0.30 13 2.9 16 0.75 0.16 0.043 0.0081 2655 2672
Bulldozers 112 0.40 14 3.4 21 1.2 0.16 0.050 0.0081 2655 2674
Graders 149 0.37 11 2.9 19 1.0 0.16 0.051 0.0081 2655 2675
Rollers 45 0.30 15 3.1 17 1.1 0.15 0.042 0.0081 2656 2672
Wheel loaders 94 0.33 13 3.0 17 0.94 0.16 0.046 0.0081 2655 2673
Backhoe loaders 74 0.33 17 3.6 20 1.1 0.16 0.044 0.0081 2655 2672
Miniexcavators 22 0.40 19 7.8 29 3.0 0.15 0.040 0.0081 2656 2672
Excavators, skid steer 104 0.31 13 2.3 13 0.62 0.16 0.043 0.0081 2656 2672
Excavators, rubber tire 88 0.32 14 2.5 14 0.68 0.16 0.042 0.0081 2656 2672
Farm tractors 77 0.31 15 3.1 18 1.1 0.16 0.046 0.0081 2706 2723
Tractors in industry 67 0.29 21 4.7 26 1.8 0.17 0.042 0.0081 2658 2675
Maintenance tractors 62 0.28 14 2.3 13 0.72 0.16 0.042 0.0081 2729 2746
Other tractors 58 0.27 16 6.2 33 2.4 0.14 0.067 0.0081 2655 2679
Combines 89 0.57 14 2.8 16 0.82 0.16 0.044 0.0081 2655 2673
Harvesters 149 0.40 5.7 0.72 3.9 0.082 0.15 0.042 0.0081 2657 2674
Forwarders (forest tractors) 105 0.30 7.9 0.94 6.0 0.20 0.15 0.042 0.0081 2657 2673
Dumpers 153 0.30 12 2.7 16 0.70 0.16 0.045 0.0081 2655 2672
Sid steer loaders 50 0.25 14 2.9 16 1.0 0.16 0.043 0.0081 2656 2672
Telehandlers 78 0.28 15 2.9 16 0.84 0.16 0.043 0.0081 2655 2672
Lawn tractor, diesel 12 0.30 20 8.7 32 3.5 0.15 0.040 0.0081 2657 2672
Other drivable machines, diesel 89 0.36 12 2.3 13 0.56 0.16 0.042 0.0081 2656 2672
Drivable machines, gasoline
Forklift, gasoline 30 0.30 695 14 7.8 0.12 1.4 0.060 0.011 2191 2243
Forklift, gas 30 0.30 22 20 12 0.10 1.4 0.069 0.0008 1464 1518
Riding mowers, gasoline 10 0.50 691 20 9.0 0.12 2.4 0.061 0.011 2191 2270
Other drivable, gasoline 10 0.50 684 19 9 0.12 2.5 0.062 0.011 2191 2271
Moveable machines, diesel
Generator sets, diesel 35 0.50 17 5 25 2.2 0.15 0.043 0.0081 2656 2672
Compressors 70 0.60 15 3.5 19 1.2 0.16 0.044 0.0081 2656 2672
Compactors, diesel 6.0 0.70 26 12 38 4.7 0.15 0.041 0.0081 2656 2672
Other moveable machines, diesel 37 0.50 17 5.5 25 2.1 0.15 0.043 0.0081 2655 2672
Moveable machines, gasoline (including handheld machines )
Plate compactors 3.5 0.60 717 36 7.7 0.12 4.5 0.060 0.011 2191 2321
Lawn movers, handheld 3.0 0.40 775 43 6.7 0.11 4.7 0.057 0.011 2191 2326
Soil cultivator 3.0 0.50 693 38 8.2 0.12 5.1 0.061 0.011 2191 2336
Snow blowers 7.0 0.30 715 25 7.6 0.12 2.9 0.059 0.011 2191 2280
Generator sets, gasoline 3.0 0.60 695 38 8.2 0.12 5.1 0.061 0.011 2191 2336
Other moveable machines, gasoline 3.0 0.50 734 40 7.4 0.12 4.9 0.059 0.011 2191 2331
Professional chain saws 2.5 0.60 538 81 2.1 3.7 6.2 0.015 0.011 2191 2349
Chain saws, hobby 1.5 0.30 545 85 1.9 3.6 7.6 0.014 0.011 2191 2386
Clearing saws 2.0 0.40 545 84 1.9 3.6 6.6 0.014 0.011 2191 2361
Trimmers 1.0 0.40 568 113 1.8 3.6 9.1 0.014 0.011 2191 2422
Other handheld machines 1.0 0.40 553 102 1.8 3.6 9.2 0.014 0.011 2191 2426
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = Greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017