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Links

A collection of external links concerning traffic exhaust emissions and energy consumption.

Links on this page are sorted by topic and transport mode as follows. For quick navigation choose the anchored title below.

 
General
Emission calculators


Road traffic
Rail traffic
Waterborne traffic
Air traffic

 
 
 

Links

Links to websites and reports concerning traffic exhaust emissions and energy consumption.

General

LIPASTO – transport emission database
An article on the LIPASTO system in VTT's publication (pp. 134-142)
Life Cycle Assessment of Products and Technologies (2009)
http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/symposiums/2009/S262.pdf

The UKs National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI)
Emissions and emission factors of air pollutants in the UK (including transport).
http://www.naei.org.uk/index.php

Defra's (The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK) guidelines for calculating personal/corporate carbon footprint in the UK. A source for transport emission factors in the UK.
2009 Guidelines to Defra / DECC's GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting (2009)
http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/business/reporting/pdf/20090928-guidelines-ghg-conversion-factors.pdf
2008 Guidelines to Defra’s GHG Conversion Factors: Methodology Paper for Transport Emission Factors (2008)
http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/business/reporting/pdf/passenger-transport.pdf (426KB)

EEA's (European Environment Agency) reports on the transport sector.
Climate for a transport change. TERM 2007: indicators tracking transport and environment in the European Union (2008)
http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2008_1/
Transport at a crossroads. TERM 2008: indicators tracking transport and environment in the European Union (2009)
http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/transport-at-a-crossroads

A Norwegian study on how different transport modes affect the climate.
Global temperature responses to current emissions from the transport sectors (2008)
http://www.pnas.org/content/105/49/19154.full

A study on environmental effects of passenger transport in the USA.
Environmental assessment of passenger transportation should include infrastructure and supply chains (2009)
http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1748-9326/4/2/024008/erl9_2_024008.pdf?request-id=418da4ad-d8f4-4ea9-be90-3f2afdefc8a0
Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States (2008)
http://repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1095&context=its

Motiva - Transport Energy Efficiency Agreements.
http://www.energiatehokkuussopimukset.fi/en/agreement_sectors/transport/

Emission calculators

Emission calculators to compare emissions and energy consumption of different transport modes in Europe. Separate calculators for passenger and freight transport.
UIC (International Union of Railways).
http://www.ecopassenger.org/
http://www.ecotransit.org/

Emission calculator for freight transport. NTM (Network for Transport and Environment).
http://www.ntm.a.se/ntmcalc/Default.asp

CO2 emission calculator for air traffic (RFI 2.7).
Atmosfair - Links to the main page and directly to the calculator.
http://www.atmosfair.de/
https://www.atmosfair.de/index.php?id=5&no_cache=1&L=3

CO2 emission calculator for air traffic (RFI 1.9).
Carbon Planet - Links to the main page and directly to the calculator.
http://www.carbonplanet.com
http://www.carbonplanet.com/shop/flight_emissions_calculator

CO2 emission calculator for air and road traffic(RFI 1.9). ClimateCare.
http://www.climatecare.org/

CO2 emission calculator for air traffic.
Finnair - Links to the main page and directly to the calculator.
http://www.finnair.fi/
http://www.finnair.fi/paastolaskuri/index.html

CO2 emission calculator for air traffic. ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
Links to the main page and directly to the calculator.
http://www.icao.int/
http://www2.icao.int/public/cfmapps/carbonoffset/carbon_calculator.cfm#

Emission calculator for air traffic. Separate calculators for passenger and freight transport.
SAS - Links to the main page and directly to the calculator.
http://www.flysas.com/
http://sasems.port.se/EmissionCalc.cfm?lang=1&utbryt=0&sid=geninfo&left=geninfo?WT.ac=CO2&ID=60091

CO2 emission calculator for air traffic (with or without RFI 2.7). TRX.
http://carbon.trx.com

Road traffic

Information on the EU emissions standards for road vehicles.
http://www.dieselnet.com/standards/eu/ld.php

A database comprising emission factors for road vehicles. Subject to a fee.
http://www.hbefa.net/

Rail traffic

Rail Transport and Environment Facts & Figures (2008)
UIC (International Union of Railways) and CER (The Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies). Links to the main pages and directly to the report.
http://www.uic.asso.fr/
http://www.cer.be/
http://www.uic.asso.fr/homepage/railways&environment_facts&figures.pdf (2.34 MB)

Waterborne traffic

General descriptions of freight and passenger ships. Wikipedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Ship_types

INTERIM GUIDELINES FOR VOLUNTARY SHIP CO2 EMISSION INDEXING FOR USE IN TRIALS (2005). IMO (International Maritime Organization)
http://www.imo.org/includes/blastDataOnly.asp/data_id%3D12740/471.pdf (165 KB)

The Marine Traffic project provides free real-time information to the public, about ship movements and ports, mainly across the coast-lines of Europe and North America.
http://marinetraffic.com/ais/

Natural Resource Consumption in Maritime Transport (MaritimeMIPS) (2005 in Finnish)
A study on The resource consumption and MIPS (material input per service-unit) of maritime transport between Finland and abroad assigned by Ministry of Transport and Communications.
http://www.mintc.fi/fileserver/Julkaisuja%2058_2005.pdf (1.28 MB)

Updated 2000 Study on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships (2008)
IMO's (International Maritime Organization) report on emissions from ships.
http://www.imo.org/includes/blastDataOnly.asp/data_id%3D23703/INF-6.pdf (2.73 MB)

Report on comparision of the two loading systems — roll trailers and cassettes — and their differences in environmental performance during ship transportation. Cassettes vs. roll trailers - environmental considerations (2010) tavaraliikenne\vesiliikenne\VTT-ResearchReport_Cassette_final.pdf (1.0 MB)

Air traffic

A tool to calculate the distance between any two airports.
http://www.world-airport-codes.com

IPPC Report that introduces the concept of RFI (radiative forcing index) in chapter 6.
IPCC Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere (1999)
http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/sres/aviation/index.htm

AIRCRAFT EMISSIONS: CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT CLIMATE COMPONENTS TO CHANGES IN RADIATIVE FORCING - TRADEOFF TO REDUCE ATMOSPHERIC IMPACT funded by the 5th framework programme of the European Commission.
http://www.iac.ethz.ch/tradeoff/

Comparison between RF from aviation estimated by IPPC and TRADEOFF.
Aviation Radiative Forcing in 2000: An Update on IPCC (1999) (2005)
http://elib.dlr.de/19906/1/s13.pdf (221 KB)

Emissions into the air from air traffic and their impact on climate change.
The site is developed in cooperation between the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Finnish Civil Aviation Authority, Finnair Oyj, Blue 1 Oy, Air Finland Oy and Finavia.
http://www.lentoliikennejailmasto.fi/frontpage