Source: LIPASTO -calculation system, VTT
LIPASTO main page
Passenger waterborne traffic
Unit emissions of ferries and Ropax
Ferry, 18 kn, Finland - Sweden CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   313 69 4 241 216 173 29 10 890 359 234 362 915 112 857 4 666
[g/pkm]   0.19 0.043 2.6 0.13 0.106 0.018 0.0061 0.55 221 223 69 2.9
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
2 600 43 000 3 800 27 000 18 400 50 % 190 210 0.47 0.1
                           
Ferry, 18 kn, Finland - Estonia CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   352 80 6 972 253 203 32 11 2 650 395 204 399 225 124 232 5 153
[g/pkm]   0.22 0.049 4.3 0.16 0.125 0.020 0.0067 1.63 243 246 76 3.2
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
2 600 43 000 4 000 30 000 18 84 50 % 190 210 1.45 0.1
Ferry, 24-27 kn, Finland - Estonia CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   423 90 8 966 277 221 40 14 3 982 494 876 499 983 155 377 6 403
[g/pkm]   0.34 0.072 7.2 0.22 0.18 0.032 0.011 3.19 396 400 124 5.1
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
2 000 34 000 5 000 44 000 24 84 50 % 190 210 1.45 0.1
High speed craft 40 kn, Finland - Estonia CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   76 16 1 669 47 38 7 3 29 90 308 91 254 28 542 1 173
[g/pkm]   0.38 0.078 8.3 0.24 0.189 0.037 0.013 0.14 452 456 143 5.9
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
400 950 60 9 000 40 84 50 % 190 210 0.05 0.1
                           
Ropax, 18 kn, Finland - Germany CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   229 48 4 955 145 116 22 8 2 290 269 542 272 355 85 190 3 504
[g/pkm]   0.17 0.036 3.8 0.11 0.089 0.017 0.0058 1.74 205 208 65 2.7
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
600 40 000 8 000 44 000 18 1 100 35 % 190 210 1.45 0.1
Ropax, 24 kn, Finland - Germany CO HC NOx PM10 PM2,5 CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. Fuel consumption Energy cons. [MJ]
[g/ship km]   396 81 8 726 245 196 39 13 4 165 471 437 476 374 149 000 6 119
[g/pkm]   0.30 0.062 6.6 0.19 0.15 0.030 0.010 3.17 359 363 114 4.7
Passenger     Main     Passengers Consumption Sulphur content
capacity GT DWT engines Speed Distance from max. Main  Auxiliary  HFO MGO
[passengers] [t] [t] [kW] [knots] [km] [%] [g/kWh] [g/kWh] [m-%] [m-%]
600 40 000 8 000 44 000 24 1 100 35 % 190 210 1.45 0.1
Both passengers and freight are transported in Ferries; 80% of emissions are allocated to passengers, 20% to freight.
Both passengers and freight are transported in Ropax ships; 16% of emissions are allocated to passengers, 84% to freight.
g/ship km = grams per ship kilometre (the transport of the entire ship over one kilometre)
g/pkm = grams per passenger kilometre (the transport of one passenger over one kilometre)
CO = carbon monoxide, HC = total hydrocarbons (including methane CH4), NOX = nitrogen oxides, PM10 = particulate matter below 10 micrometres, PM2,5 = particulate matter below 2,5 
micrometres, CH4 = methane, N2O = nitrous oxide, SO2 = sulphur dioxide CO2 = carbon dioxide, CO2 eq. = equivalentic CO2, MJ = megajoule
GT = gross tonnage
DWT = deadweight tonnage = the sum of the masses of cargo, fuel, fresh water, ballast water, provisions, passengers and crew
HFO = heavy fuel oil
MGO = marine gas oil
[m-%] = mass percentage
30.3.2009
Last updated  
By Kari Makela, VTT
Email: etunimi.sukunimi@vtt.fi