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Average emissions and energy use of 2-stroke motorcycles in Finland 2016
Emissions [g/km]
Emission standard CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e Consumption [g/km] Consumption [l/100km] Energy [MJ/km]
--> 1998 17.4 9.9 0.026 0.20 0.15 0.0020 0.00048 94 98 32 0.0 1.3
EURO 1 (1999 - 2002) 11.5 3.2 0.042 0.080 0.15 0.0020 0.00044 86 90 29 0.0 1.2
EURO 2 (2003 - 2005) 9.1 1.7 0.047 0.040 0.15 0.0020 0.00044 86 90 29 0.0 1.2
EURO 3 (2006 - 2015) 5.0 1.1 0.021 0.012 0.15 0.0020 0.00044 86 90 29 0.0 1.2
EURO 4 (2016 --> ) 1.1 0.4 0.020 0.012 0.15 0.0020 0.00043 85 90 29 0.0 1.2
Average, year 2016 9.0 3.0 0.030 0.061 0.15 0.0020 0.00044 87 91 30 0.0 1.2
Mileage share, year 2016
--> 1998   15%
EURO 1 (1999 - 2002) 25%
EURO 2 (2003 - 2005)   13%
EURO 3 (2006 - 2015) 45%
EURO 4 (2016 --> )   2%
Yhteensä 100%
Average emissions and energy use of 4-stroke motorcycles in Finland 2016
Emissions [g/km]
Emission standard CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e Consumption [g/km] Consumption [l/100km] Energy [MJ/km]
--> 1998 21 1.8 0.30 0.020 0.20 0.0020 0.00062 121 126 42 0.0 1.7
EURO 1 (1999 - 2002) 9.8 0.94 0.33 0.020 0.20 0.0020 0.00057 112 117 39 0.0 1.6
EURO 2 (2003 - 2005) 3.3 0.45 0.21 0.1231 0.20 0.0020 0.00055 107 112 37 0.0 1.5
EURO 3 (2006 - 2015) 1.8 0.29 0.12 0.0050 0.20 0.0020 0.00055 107 112 37 0.0 1.5
EURO 4 (2016 --> ) 1.1 0.38 0.10 0.01 0.20 0.0020 0.00055 107 112 37 0.0 1.5
Average, year 2016 6.9 0.70 0.21 0.026 0.20 0.0020 0.00056 110 115 38 0.0 1.6
Mileage share, year 2016
--> 1998   15%
EURO 1 (1999 - 2002) 25%
EURO 2 (2003 - 2005)   13%
EURO 3 (2006 - 2015) 45%
EURO 4 (2016 --> )   2%
Total 100%
Average emissions and energy use of motorcycles in Finland 2016
Emissions [g/km]
Emission standard CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e Consumption [g/km] Consumption [l/100km] Energy [MJ/km]
--> 1998 20 2.9 0.27 0.044 0.19 0.0020 0.00060 117 122 40 0.0 1.7
EURO 1 (1999 - 2002) 10 1.2 0.29 0.028 0.19 0.0020 0.00056 109 114 37 0.0 1.6
EURO 2 (2003 - 2005) 4.1 0.63 0.19 0.11 0.19 0.0020 0.00053 104 109 36 0.0 1.5
EURO 3 (2006 - 2015) 2.3 0.39 0.11 0.0059 0.19 0.0020 0.00053 104 109 36 0.0 1.5
EURO 4 (2016 --> ) 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 103.9 109 36 0.0 1.5
Average, year 2016 7.1 1.0 0.19 0.031 0.19 0.0020 0.00055 107 112 37 0.0 1.5
Mileage share, year 2016
2-stroke     14%
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons, NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels (ethanol etc.) being 4.8% of the caloric value in 2016
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017