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Average emissions and energy use of mopeds in Finland 2016
Emissions [g/km]
Emission standard CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O SO2 CO2 CO2e Consumption [g/km] Consumption [l/100km] Energy [MJ/km]
--> 1998 15 8.4 0.056 0.18 0.22 0.0010 0.00039 75 81 26 3.5 1.1
EURO 1 (1999 - 2001) 4.6 3.4 0.18 0.045 0.22 0.0010 0.00031 60 66 21 2.8 0.87
EURO 2 (2002 - 2013) 2.8 2.6 0.17 0.026 0.22 0.0010 0.00031 60 66 21 2.8 0.87
EURO 3 (2014 --> ) 1.8 1.8 0.17 0.018 0.22 0.0010 0.00031 60 66 21 2.8 0.87
Average, year 2016 4.4 3.3 0.16 0.046 0.22 0.0010 0.00032 62 68 21 2.9 0.89
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons, NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels (ethanol etc.) being 4.8% of the caloric value in 2016
Mileage share, year 2016
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017
--> 1998 12%
EURO 1 (1999 - 2001) 14%
EURO 2 (2002 - 2013) 65%
EURO 3 (2014 --> ) 9%
Total 100%