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Coach
Gross vehicle mass 18t, carrying capacity 5t, number of seats 50
Urban driving, streets
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per passenger kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 3.7 4.8 0.29 0.096
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.0 2.7 0.16 0.054
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.0 2.3 0.15 0.046
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.0 2.3 0.15 0.046
EEV 0.90 1.2 0.070 0.024
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.90 1.2 0.070 0.024
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.90 1.2 0.070 0.024
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.25 0.35 0.020 0.0070
Average in 2016 1.1 1.4 0.085 0.028
HC [g/km] HC [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 1.3 1.8 0.10 0.035
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.90 1.1 0.068 0.022
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.65 0.70 0.047 0.014
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.60 0.65 0.044 0.013
EEV 0.030 0.050 0.0025 0.0010
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.060 0.063 0.0043 0.0013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.060 0.063 0.0043 0.0013
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.040 0.040 0.0029 0.00080
Average in 2016 0.21 0.23 0.015 0.0045
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 12 15 0.9 0.31
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9.7 11 0.73 0.23
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 9.4 11 0.69 0.21
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 9.0 10 0.66 0.20
EEV 3.0 4.0 0.23 0.08
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 7.0 8.0 0.52 0.16
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 5.0 6.0 0.38 0.12
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.60 0.70 0.045 0.014
Average in 2016 5.9 6.8 0.44 0.14
PM [g/km] PM [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.56 0.65 0.042 0.013
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.47 0.50 0.034 0.010
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.20 0.24 0.015 0.0048
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.20 0.24 0.015 0.0048
EEV 0.030 0.040 0.0023 0.00080
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.060 0.065 0.0044 0.0013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.069 0.073 0.0050 0.0015
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0060 0.0074 0.00046 0.00015
Average in 2016 0.10 0.11 0.0072 0.0022
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.026 0.024 0.0018 0.00048
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.024 0.023 0.0017 0.00046
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.016 0.016 0.0012 0.00032
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.015 0.015 0.0011 0.00030
EEV 0.0014 0.0015 0.00010 0.000030
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0014 0.0015 0.00010 0.000030
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0027 0.0027 0.00019 0.000054
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0013 0.0013 0.000093 0.000026
Average in 2016 0.0058 0.0057 0.00041 0.00011
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.0090 0.0090 0.00064 0.00018
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0090 0.0090 0.00064 0.00018
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0090 0.0090 0.00064 0.00018
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0050 0.0050 0.00036 0.00010
EEV 0.014 0.014 0.0010 0.00028
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.014 0.014 0.0010 0.00028
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.040 0.040 0.0029 0.00080
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.039 0.039 0.0028 0.00078
Average in 2016 0.026 0.026 0.0018 0.00052
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.0037 0.0042 0.00027 0.000085
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0032 0.0041 0.00024 0.000081
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
EEV 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
Average in 2016 0.0031 0.0036 0.00023 0.000072
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 1102 1263 82 25
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 948 1215 73 24
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 914 1079 69 22
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 914 1079 69 22
EEV 914 1079 69 22
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 914 1079 69 22
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 914 1079 69 22
EURO VI (2014 --> 914 1079 69 22
Average in 2016 915 1080 69 22
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 1105 1267 82 25
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 952 1218 73 24
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 917 1082 69 22
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 916 1081 69 22
EEV 918 1083 69 22
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 918 1083 69 22
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 926 1091 69 22
EURO VI (2014 --> 926 1091 69 22
Average in 2016 923 1088 69 22
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 388 445 29 9
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 334 428 26 8.6
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 322 380 24 7.6
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 322 380 24 7.6
EEV 322 380 24 7.6
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 322 380 24 7.6
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 322 380 24 7.6
EURO VI (2014 --> 322 380 24 7.6
Average in 2016 322 381 24 7.6
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 47.1 54.0 0.035 0.011
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 40.5 51.9 0.031 0.010
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
EEV 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
EURO VI (2014 --> 39.1 46.1 0.029 0.0092
Average in 2016 39.1 46.2 0.029 0.009
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 17 19 1.2 0.38
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 14 19 1.1 0.37
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 14 16 1.0 0.33
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 14 16 1.0 0.33
EEV 14 16 1.0 0.33
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 14 16 1.0 0.33
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 14 16 1.0 0.33
EURO VI (2014 --> 14 16 1.0 0.33
Average in 2016 14 16 1.0 0.33
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 4.7 5.3 0.35 0.11
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 4.0 5.1 0.31 0.10
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
EEV 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
EURO VI (2014 --> 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
Average in 2016 3.9 4.6 0.29 0.091
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.9
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7.7
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 17.9
EEV 2.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 17.9
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 41.4
EURO VI (2014 --> 12.0
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017