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Average coach+bus in 2016
Share of mileage 38% Share of mileage share 62%
Coach City bus
14 passengers 18 passengers
CO
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 1.4 0.10 5.0 0.28
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.2 0.08 2.3 0.13
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.96 0.069 2.1 0.12
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.92 0.066 2.0 0.11
EEV 0.63 0.045 0.99 0.055
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.63 0.045 0.99 0.055
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.62 0.044 0.86 0.048
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.26 0.018 0.28 0.016
Average in 2016 0.66 0.047 1.1 0.063
HC
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.43 0.031 1.5 0.086
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.41 0.029 0.86 0.048
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.26 0.019 0.57 0.032
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.26 0.019 0.44 0.024
EEV 0.027 0.0019 0.038 0.0021
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.028 0.0020 0.052 0.0029
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.044 0.0031 0.052 0.0029
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.021 0.0015 0.033 0.0018
Average in 2016 0.10 0.0070 0.17 0.0093
NOx
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 8.5 0.60 16 0.91
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 6.5 0.46 10 0.56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 6.4 0.46 9.5 0.53
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 5.8 0.41 8.3 0.46
EEV 2.2 0.16 2.6 0.14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.3 0.24 5.8 0.32
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.4 0.17 4.3 0.24
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.15 0.011 0.63 0.035
Average in 2016 3.2 0.23 5.3 0.29
PM
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.26 0.018 0.64 0.035
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.20 0.014 0.40 0.022
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.11 0.0077 0.21 0.012
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.11 0.0076 0.18 0.010
EEV 0.031 0.0022 0.025 0.0014
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.033 0.0023 0.035 0.0019
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.033 0.0024 0.035 0.0019
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.015 0.0010 0.0044 0.00024
Average in 2016 0.051 0.0037 0.074 0.0041
CH4
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0093 0.00066 0.051 0.0028
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0095 0.00068 0.020 0.00111
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0064 0.00046 0.014 0.00077
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0063 0.00045 0.013 0.00071
EEV 0.00067 0.000048 0.0012 0.000065
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00067 0.000048 0.0012 0.000065
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0013 0.000090 0.0021 0.00012
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00062 0.000044 0.0010 0.000058
Average in 2016 0.0024 0.00017 0.0048 0.00027
N2O
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0071 0.00051 0.012 0.00068
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0071 0.00051 0.012 0.00068
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0062 0.00044 0.0081 0.00045
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0041 0.00029 0.0054 0.00030
EEV 0.012 0.00082 0.018 0.00098
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.012 0.00082 0.018 0.00098
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.034 0.00242 0.054 0.0030
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.029 0.0021 0.041 0.0023
Average in 2016 0.021 0.0015 0.032 0.0018
SO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0023 0.00016 0.0036 0.00020
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0020 0.00014 0.0034 0.00019
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0020 0.00014 0.0034 0.00019
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0020 0.00014 0.0034 0.00019
EEV 0.0019 0.00013 0.0031 0.00017
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0019 0.00013 0.0031 0.00017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0019 0.00013 0.0031 0.00017
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0019 0.00013 0.0031 0.00017
Average in 2016 0.0019 0.00014 0.0031 0.00017
CO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 674 48 1069 59
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 596 43 1008 56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 583 42 1008 56
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 582 42 1009 56
EEV 563 40 915 51
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 563 40 915 51
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 563 40 914 51
EURO VI (2014 --> 558 40 913 51
Average in 2016 568 41 939 52
CO2e
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 677 48 1074 60
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 598 43 1013 56
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 585 42 1011 56
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 583 42 1011 56
EEV 566 40 920 51
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 566 40 920 51
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 573 41 930 52
EURO VI (2014 --> 567 41 926 51
Average in 2016 574 41 949 53
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 237 17 376 21
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 210 15 355 20
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 205 15 355 20
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 205 15 355 20
EEV 198 14 322 18
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 198 14 322 18
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 198 14 322 18
EURO VI (2014 --> 197 14 322 18
Average in 2016 200 14 331 18
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm]
--> 1992 0.29 0.021 0.46 0.025
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.25 0.018 0.43 0.024
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.25 0.018 0.43 0.024
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.25 0.018 0.43 0.024
EEV 0.24 0.017 0.39 0.022
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.24 0.017 0.39 0.022
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.24 0.017 0.39 0.022
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.24 0.017 0.39 0.022
Average in 2016 0.24 0.017 0.40 0.022
Energy
Emission standard [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
--> 1992 10.3 0.73 16 0.90
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 9.1 0.65 15 0.85
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 8.9 0.63 15 0.85
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 8.9 0.63 15 0.85
EEV 8.6 0.61 14 0.77
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 8.6 0.61 14 0.77
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 8.6 0.61 14 0.77
EURO VI (2014 --> 8.5 0.61 14 0.77
Average in 2016 8.6 0.62 14 0.79
Energy
Emission standard [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
--> 1992 2.9 0.20 4.5 0.25
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.5 0.18 4.3 0.24
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.5 0.18 4.3 0.24
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.5 0.18 4.3 0.24
EEV 2.4 0.17 3.9 0.22
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.4 0.17 3.9 0.22
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.4 0.17 3.9 0.22
EURO VI (2014 --> 2.4 0.17 3.9 0.22
Average in 2016 2.4 0.17 4.0 0.22
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.9
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7.7
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 17.9
EEV 2.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 17.9
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 41.4
EURO VI (2014 --> 12.0
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017