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Share of diesel car mileage 41%
Share of urban mileage 27%
Car occupancy 1.7 persons
[g/km] [g/pkm]
CO   0.44 0.26
HC 0.025 0.015
NOx   0.33 0.19
PM 0.011 0.0065
CH4   0.0013 0.00079
N2O 0.0031 0.0018
SO2   0.00067 0.00039
CO2 151 89
CO2e   152 89
Fuel consumption 52 31
[l/100km] [l/pkm]
Fuel consumption   6.7 4.0
[MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
Energy   2.2 1.3
[kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
Energy   0.62 0.36
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels being in 2016 in gasoline (ethanol etc.) 4.8% and in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017