Source: LIPASTO -emission calculation system, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
LIPASTO main page Passenger road traffic
Average emissions and energy consumption per vehicle kilometre of cars in Finland in 2011 
  Emsissions [g/km] Fuel Fuel Energy Energy
  CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O NH3 SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. [g/km] [l/100 km] [MJ/km] [kWh/km]
Gasoline driven, highway driving 1,9 0,13 0,37 0,0035 0,0059 0,0024 0,035 0,00080 142 143 50 6,6 2,1 0,60
Gasoline driven, urban driving 2,2 0,24 0,26 0,0030 0,010 0,008 0,018 0,0012 214 217 75 10,0 3,2 0,90
Gasoline driven, average 2,0 0,17 0,33 0,0033 0,0074 0,0044 0,029 0,00094 167 169 59 7,8 2,5 0,70
   
Diesel driven, highway driving 0,07 0,021 0,54 0,029 0,00058 0,0042 0,0010 0,0009 136 137 46 5,4 2,0 0,55
Diesel driven, urban driving 0,21 0,44 0,51 0,030 0,0013 0,0077 0,0010 0,0014 206 208 70 8,3 3,0 0,83
Diesel driven, average 0,12 0,17 0,53 0,029 0,0008 0,0054 0,0010 0,0011 160 162 54 6,4 2,3 0,65
   
Highway driving 1,3 0,09 0,43 0,012 0,0041 0,0030 0,024 0,00084 140 141 49 6,2 2,1 0,58
Urban driving 1,5 0,30 0,34 0,012 0,007 0,0079 0,013 0,0013 211 214 73 9,4 3,1 0,87
Average 1,4 0,17 0,40 0,012 0,0052 0,0047 0,020 0,00099 165 167 57 7,4 2,5 0,68
Diesel car mileage share 33%
Urban mileage share 35%
Average emissions and energy consumption per passenger kilometre of cars in Finland in 2011 
  Emissions [g/pkm] Fuel Fuel Energy Energy
  CO HC NOx PM CH4 N2O NH3 SO2 CO2 CO2 eq. [g/pkm] [l/100 km] [MJ/pkm] [kWh/pkm]
Gasoline driven, highway driving 1,0 0,069 0,19 0,0018 0,0031 0,0012 0,019 0,00042 75 75 26 1,1 0,31
Gasoline driven, urban driving 1,7 0,18 0,20 0,0023 0,008 0,0062 0,014 0,00092 165 167 58   2,5 0,69
Gasoline driven, average 1,2 0,10 0,20 0,0020 0,0043 0,0026 0,017 0,00055 98 99 34 1,5 0,41
   
Diesel driven, highway driving 0,036 0,011 0,28 0,015 0,00031 0,0022 0,00053 0,00048 71 72 24 1,0 0,29
Diesel driven, urban driving 0,16 0,34 0,39 0,023 0,0010 0,0059 0,00077 0,0011 158 160 54   2,3 0,64
Diesel driven, average 0,070 0,10 0,31 0,017 0,00049 0,0032 0,00059 0,00064 94 95 32 1,4 0,38
   
Highway driving 0,69 0,050 0,22 0,006 0,0022 0,0016 0,013 0,00044 74 74 26 1,1 0,31
Urban driving 1,2 0,23 0,26 0,009 0,0056 0,0061 0,010 0,00097 163 165 56   2,4 0,67
Average 0,8 0,10 0,23 0,0070 0,0031 0,0028 0,012 0,00058 97 98 34   1,4 0,40
pkm = passenger kilometre Bio-share in both gasoline and diesel was 6% of the caloric value in 2011
Diesel car mileage share 33% Additional information on the adjacent link Bio share
Urban mileage share 35%
Car occupancy in highway driving 1,9 persons
Car occupancy in street driving 1,3 persons
car occupancy average 1,7 persons
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, NH3 = Ammonium, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2eq. = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 21 and N2O factor 310), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour
7.8.2012
Last updated
by Kari Mäkelä, VTT
Email: etunimi.sukunimi@vtt.fi