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Gas (CNG) driven car
Obs! These emission factors concern only driving with gas. If you drive partly with gasoline, use gasoline factors for those kilometres.
Share of urban mileage 27%
Highway driving Urban driving, streets Average (highway + urban)
Car occupancy 1.9 persons Car occupancy 1.3 persons Car occupancy 1.7 persons
CO
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.77 0.41 0.57 0.44 0.72 0.42
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.70 0.37 0.51 0.40 0.65 0.38
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.44 0.23 0.31 0.24 0.40 0.24
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.40 0.21 0.25 0.19 0.36 0.21
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.40 0.21 0.25 0.19 0.36 0.21
Average in 2016 0.40 0.21 0.25 0.19 0.36 0.21
HC
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.079 0.041 0.13 0.10 0.093 0.055
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.016 0.0087 0.016 0.013 0.016 0.010
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.011 0.0059 0.013 0.010 0.012 0.0069
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.012 0.0062 0.015 0.011 0.012 0.0073
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.012 0.0062 0.015 0.011 0.012 0.0073
Average in 2016 0.012 0.0061 0.014 0.011 0.012 0.0073
NOx
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.085 0.045 0.19 0.14 0.11 0.066
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.073 0.039 0.16 0.13 0.10 0.057
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.079 0.042 0.15 0.12 0.10 0.058
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.027 0.014 0.069 0.053 0.038 0.023
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.027 0.014 0.069 0.053 0.038 0.023
Average in 2016 0.033 0.017 0.078 0.060 0.045 0.026
PM
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0073 0.0039 0.0035 0.0027 0.0063 0.0037
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0027 0.0014 0.0017 0.0013 0.0025 0.0014
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0016 0.00086 0.00093 0.0007 0.0014 0.00085
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
Average in 2016 0.0012 0.00065 0.0018 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
CH4
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.072 0.038 0.12 0.094 0.086 0.050
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.015 0.0080 0.015 0.012 0.015 0.0089
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.010 0.0054 0.012 0.0092 0.011 0.0063
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.011 0.0057 0.013 0.010 0.011 0.0067
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.011 0.0057 0.013 0.010 0.011 0.0067
Average in 2016 0.011 0.0056 0.013 0.010 0.011 0.0067
N2O
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.00016 0.000085 0.0026 0.0020 0.00081 0.00048
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00016 0.000085 0.0026 0.0020 0.00081 0.00048
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.00016 0.000085 0.0026 0.0020 0.00081 0.00048
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.00016 0.000085 0.050 0.038 0.014 0.0080
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.00016 0.000085 0.050 0.038 0.014 0.0080
Average in 2016 0.00016 0.000085 0.045 0.035 0.012 0.0072
SO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.000075 0.000039 0.000105 0.000081 0.000083 0.000049
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.000067 0.000035 0.000097 0.000075 0.000075 0.000044
2006 0.000057 0.000030 0.000079 0.000061 0.000063 0.000037
2007 0.000057 0.000030 0.000079 0.000061 0.000063 0.000037
2008 0.000057 0.000030 0.000079 0.000061 0.000063 0.000037
2009 0.000057 0.000030 0.000079 0.000061 0.000063 0.000037
2010 0.000057 0.000030 0.000079 0.000061 0.000063 0.000037
2011 0.000055 0.000029 0.000076 0.000059 0.000061 0.000036
2012 0.000054 0.000028 0.000075 0.000058 0.000060 0.000035
2013 0.000052 0.000028 0.000073 0.000056 0.000058 0.000034
2014 0.000051 0.000027 0.000072 0.000055 0.000057 0.000033
2015 0.000049 0.000026 0.000072 0.000055 0.000055 0.000033
2016 0.000048 0.000025 0.000070 0.000054 0.000054 0.000032
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.000054 0.000028 0.000075 0.000058 0.000059 0.000035
CO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 84 44 118 90 93 55
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 76 40 109 84 85 50
2006 64 34 89 68 71 42
2007 64 34 89 68 71 42
2008 64 34 89 68 71 42
2009 64 34 89 68 71 42
2010 64 34 89 68 71 42
2011 62 33 86 66 69 40
2012 60 32 84 65 67 39
2013 59 31 82 63 65 38
2014 57 30 81 62 63 37
2015 55 29 81 62 62 37
2016 54 28 79 61 61 36
2017
2018
2019
2020
Average in 2016 60.1 31.6 84.2 64.8 66.6 39.2
CO2e
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 86 45 121 93 95 56
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 76 40 110 85 85 50
2006 64 34 90 69 71 42
2007 64 34 90 69 71 42
2008 64 34 90 69 71 42
2009 64 34 90 69 71 42
2010 64 34 104 80 75 44
2011 62 33 101 78 73 43
2012 61 32 99 76 71 42
2013 59 31 98 75 69 41
2014 57 30 96 74 68 40
2015 56 29 96 74 67 39
2016 54 28 94 72 65 38
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 60.4 31.8 96.5 74.2 70.1 41.2
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 50 26 70 54 55 33
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 45 24 65 50 50 30
2006 38 20 53 41 42 25
2007 38 20 53 41 42 25
2008 38 20 53 41 42 25
2009 38 20 53 41 42 25
2010 38 20 53 41 42 25
2011 37 19 51 39 41 24
2012 36 19 50 38 40 23
2013 35 18 49 38 39 23
2014 34 18 48 37 38 22
2015 33 17 48 37 37 22
2016 32 17 47 36 36 21
2017 0 0
2018         0 0
2019 0 0
2020         0 0
Average in 2016 35.7 18.8 50.1 38.6 39.6 23.3
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [kg/100 km] [kg/100 pkm] [kg/100 km] [kg/100 pkm] [kg/100 km] [kg/100 pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 5.0 2.6 7.0 5.4 5.5 3.3
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 4.5 2.4 6.5 5.0 5.0 3.0
2006 3.8 2.0 5.3 4.1 4.2 2.5
2007 3.8 2.0 5.3 4.1 4.2 2.5
2008 3.8 2.0 5.3 4.1 4.2 2.5
2009 3.8 2.0 5.3 4.1 4.2 2.5
2010 3.8 2.0 5.3 4.1 4.2 2.5
2011 3.7 1.9 5.1 3.9 4.1 2.4
2012 3.6 1.9 5.0 3.8 4.0 2.3
2013 3.5 1.8 4.9 3.8 3.9 2.3
2014 3.4 1.8 4.8 3.7 3.8 2.2
2015 3.3 1.7 4.8 3.7 3.7 2.2
2016 3.2 1.7 4.7 3.6 3.6 2.1
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 3.6 1.9 5.0 3.9 4.0 2.3
Energy
Emission standard [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 2.5 1.3 3.4 2.6 2.7 1.6
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 2.2 1.2 3.2 2.5 2.5 1.5
2006 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.2
2007 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.2
2008 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.2
2009 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.2
2010 1.9 1.0 2.6 2.0 2.1 1.2
2011 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2012 1.8 0.9 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2013 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.1
2014 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.8 1.9 1.1
2015 1.6 0.9 2.4 1.8 1.8 1.1
2016 1.6 0.8 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.0
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 1.8 0.9 2.5 1.9 1.9 1.1
Energy
Emission standard [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
--> 1992            
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996)
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.68 0.36 0.96 0.74 0.76 0.45
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.62 0.32 0.89 0.68 0.69 0.41
2006 0.52 0.27 0.72 0.56 0.57 0.34
2007 0.52 0.27 0.72 0.56 0.57 0.34
2008 0.52 0.27 0.72 0.56 0.57 0.34
2009 0.52 0.27 0.72 0.56 0.57 0.34
2010 0.52 0.27 0.72 0.56 0.57 0.34
2011 0.51 0.27 0.70 0.54 0.56 0.33
2012 0.49 0.26 0.68 0.53 0.54 0.32
2013 0.48 0.25 0.67 0.52 0.53 0.31
2014 0.46 0.24 0.66 0.50 0.52 0.30
2015 0.45 0.24 0.66 0.50 0.51 0.30
2016 0.44 0.23 0.64 0.49 0.49 0.29
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.49 0.26 0.68 0.53 0.54 0.32
Emission standard Share of mileage [%] Share of mileage, fuel gas [%]
--> 1992 0.0 0.0
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0 0.0
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0 0.0
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0 0.0
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 10.7 2006 5.6
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 60.8 2007 5.1
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 28.5 2008 6.0
Total in 2016 100 2009 4.1
2010 5.3
2011 12.3
2012 17.0
2013 16.2
2014 17.1
2015 6.0
2016 5.4
2017
2018
2019
2020
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels being in 2016 in gas (CBG) 40% of the calorific value.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017