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High-blend ethanol car (FFV)
Note! After Euro 3 compounds depending on consumption are expressed yearly based  Share of urban mileage 27%
Highway driving Urban driving, streets Average (highway + urban)
Car occupancy 1.9 persons Car occupancy 1.3 persons Car occupancy 1.7 persons
CO
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.78 0.41 0.57 0.44 0.72 0.43
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.22 0.12 0.15 0.12 0.20 0.12
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.20 0.10 0.12 0.09 0.18 0.10
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.20 0.10 0.12 0.09 0.18 0.10
Average in 2016 0.20 0.11 0.13 0.10 0.18 0.11
HC
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.016 0.0087 0.016 0.013 0.016 0.010
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0073 0.0038 0.0085 0.0065 0.0076 0.0045
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0076 0.0040 0.0094 0.0073 0.0081 0.0048
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0076 0.0040 0.0094 0.0073 0.0081 0.0048
Average in 2016 0.0075 0.0040 0.0092 0.0071 0.0080 0.0047
NOx
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.037 0.019 0.082 0.063 0.049 0.029
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.040 0.021 0.076 0.058 0.049 0.029
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.014 0.007 0.034 0.026 0.019 0.011
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.014 0.007 0.034 0.026 0.019 0.011
Average in 2016 0.021 0.011 0.045 0.035 0.027 0.016
PM
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0027 0.0014 0.0017 0.0013 0.0025 0.0014
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0016 0.00086 0.00093 0.00072 0.0014 0.00085
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
Average in 2016 0.0013 0.00069 0.0016 0.0012 0.0014 0.00082
CH4
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Average in 2016 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
N2O
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Average in 2016 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
SO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00126 0.00066 0.0018 0.00138 0.00141 0.00083
2006 0.00073 0.00039 0.0011 0.00087 0.00084 0.00050
2007 0.00073 0.00039 0.0011 0.00086 0.00084 0.00049
2008 0.00072 0.00038 0.0010 0.00081 0.00081 0.00047
2009 0.00070 0.00037 0.0010 0.00077 0.00078 0.00046
2010 0.00069 0.00036 0.0010 0.00075 0.00077 0.00045
2011 0.00067 0.00035 0.00094 0.00073 0.00075 0.00044
2012 0.00064 0.00034 0.00090 0.00069 0.00071 0.00042
2013 0.00064 0.00034 0.00090 0.00069 0.00071 0.00042
2014 0.00063 0.00033 0.00088 0.00068 0.00070 0.00041
2015 0.00061 0.00032 0.00087 0.00067 0.00068 0.00040
2016 0.00060 0.00032 0.00085 0.00066 0.00067 0.00039
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.00067 0.00035 0.0010 0.00073 0.00075 0.00044
CO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 50 27 72 55 56 33
2006 29 15 45 35 34 20
2007 29 15 45 35 34 20
2008 29 15 42 32 32 19
2009 28 15 40 31 31 18
2010 28 14 39 30 31 18
2011 27 14 38 29 30 18
2012 26 14 36 28 28 17
2013 26 14 36 28 28 17
2014 25 13 35 27 28 16
2015 25 13 35 27 27 16
2016 24 13 34 26 27 16
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 27 14 38 29 30 18
CO2e
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 50 27 72 55 56 33
2006 29 15 45 35 34 20
2007 29 15 45 35 34 20
2008 29 15 42 32 32 19
2009 28 15 40 31 31 18
2010 28 14 39 30 31 18
2011 27 14 38 29 30 18
2012 26 14 36 28 28 17
2013 26 14 36 28 28 17
2014 25 13 35 27 28 16
2015 25 13 35 27 27 16
2016 24 13 34 26 27 16
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 27 14 38 29 30 18
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 84 44 120 92 94 55
2006 49 26 76 58 56 33
2007 49 26 75 58 56 33
2008 48 25 70 54 54 32
2009 47 25 67 52 52 31
2010 46 24 65 50 51 30
2011 45 24 63 48 50 29
2012 43 23 60 46 48 28
2013 43 23 60 46 48 28
2014 42 22 59 45 47 27
2015 41 22 58 45 46 27
2016 40 21 57 44 45 26
Average in 2016 45 24 64 49 50 29
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 11.3 5.9 16 12.4 12.6 7.4
2006 6.6 3.5 10 7.8 7.5 4.4
2007 6.6 3.5 10 7.7 7.5 4.4
2008 6.4 3.4 9.4 7.2 7.2 4.2
2009 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.9 7.0 4.1
2010 6.2 3.2 8.7 6.7 6.8 4.0
2011 6.0 3.2 8.4 6.5 6.7 3.9
2012 5.8 3.0 8.0 6.2 6.4 3.7
2013 5.8 3.0 8.0 6.2 6.4 3.7
2014 5.6 3.0 7.9 6.1 6.2 3.7
2015 5.5 2.9 7.8 6.0 6.1 3.6
2016 5.4 2.8 7.7 5.9 6.0 3.5
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 6.0 3.2 8.5 6.6 6.7 3.9
Energy
Emission standard [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 3.5 1.9 5.1 3.9 4.0 2.3
2006 2.1 1.1 3.2 2.5 2.4 1.4
2007 2.1 1.1 3.2 2.4 2.4 1.4
2008 2.0 1.1 2.9 2.3 2.3 1.3
2009 2.0 1.0 2.8 2.2 2.2 1.3
2010 1.9 1.0 2.7 2.1 2.2 1.3
2011 1.9 1.0 2.7 2.0 2.1 1.2
2012 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2013 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2014 1.8 0.9 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2015 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.1
2016 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.1
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 1.9 1.0 2.7 2.1 2.1 1.2
Energy
Emission standard [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
             
             
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.99 0.52 1.40 1.08 1.10 0.65
2006 0.57 0.30 0.89 0.68 0.66 0.39
2007 0.57 0.30 0.88 0.67 0.65 0.39
2008 0.56 0.30 0.82 0.63 0.63 0.37
2009 0.55 0.29 0.78 0.60 0.61 0.36
2010 0.54 0.28 0.76 0.58 0.60 0.35
2011 0.53 0.28 0.74 0.57 0.58 0.34
2012 0.50 0.26 0.70 0.54 0.56 0.33
2013 0.50 0.26 0.70 0.54 0.56 0.33
2014 0.49 0.26 0.69 0.53 0.54 0.32
2015 0.48 0.25 0.68 0.52 0.53 0.31
2016 0.47 0.25 0.67 0.52 0.53 0.31
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.52 0.28 0.75 0.57 0.58 0.34
Emission standard Share of mileage [%] Share fo mileage, fuel gasoline [%]
     
     
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0 0.0
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 26.7 2006 2.9
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 71.8 2007 8.3
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 1.5 2008 9.1
Total in 2016 100 2009 6.5
2010 10.4
2011 11.5
2012 19.3
2013 26.2
2014 4.5
2015 1.4
2016 0.1
2017 0.0
2018 0.0
2019 0.0
2020 0.0
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels being in 2016 in E85 fuel (high-blend ethanol) 72% of calorific value.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017