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Diesel driven car
Note! After Euro 3 compounds depending on consumption are expressed yearly based  Share of urban mileage 27%
Highway driving Urban driving, streets Average (highway + urban)
Car occupancy 1.9 persons Car occupancy 1.3 persons Car occupancy 1.7 persons
CO
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.62 0.33 2.20 1.69 1.0 0.62
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.23 0.12 0.66 0.50 0.34 0.20
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.080 0.042 0.30 0.23 0.14 0.082
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.018 0.0093 0.13 0.10 0.049 0.029
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.012 0.0064 0.093 0.071 0.034 0.020
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0066 0.0035 0.094 0.072 0.030 0.018
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0066 0.0035 0.094 0.072 0.030 0.018
Average in 2016 0.019 0.010 0.13 0.10 0.048 0.028
HC
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.078 0.041 0.57 0.44 0.21 0.12
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.042 0.022 0.10 0.078 0.058 0.034
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.022 0.011 0.058 0.044 0.031 0.019
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.016 0.008 0.028 0.021 0.019 0.011
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0078 0.0041 0.016 0.012 0.010 0.0059
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0046 0.0024 0.012 0.0095 0.0066 0.0039
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0046 0.0024 0.012 0.0095 0.0066 0.0039
Average in 2016 0.0086 0.0045 0.022 0.017 0.012 0.0072
NOx
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.80 0.42 1.1 0.84 0.88 0.52
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.56 0.30 0.84 0.65 0.64 0.38
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.58 0.31 0.90 0.69 0.67 0.39
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.57 0.30 0.99 0.76 0.68 0.40
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.46 0.24 0.77 0.59 0.54 0.32
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.70 0.37 1.0 0.80 0.79 0.47
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.40 0.21 0.60 0.46 0.45 0.27
Average in 2016 0.57 0.30 0.90 0.69 0.66 0.39
PM
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.13 0.068 0.37 0.282 0.19 0.11
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.10 0.052 0.19 0.15 0.12 0.073
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.067 0.035 0.13 0.10 0.084 0.050
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.030 0.016 0.053 0.041 0.036 0.021
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.033 0.017 0.056 0.043 0.039 0.023
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0016 0.00085 0.0029 0.0023 0.0020 0.0012
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0016 0.00085 0.0029 0.0023 0.0020 0.0012
Average in 2016 0.019 0.0099 0.035 0.027 0.023 0.014
CH4
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0019 0.0010 0.014 0.010 0.0050 0.0030
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0010 0.00053 0.0024 0.0019 0.0014 0.00082
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.00052 0.00027 0.0014 0.0011 0.00075 0.00044
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00038 0.00020 0.00066 0.0005 0.00046 0.00027
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.00019 0.00010 0.00038 0.00029 0.00024 0.00014
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.00011 0.000058 0.00030 0.00023 0.00016 0.000094
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.00011 0.000058 0.00030 0.00023 0.00016 0.000094
Average in 2016 0.00021 0.00011 0.00053 0.00041 0.00029 0.00017
N2O
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0040 0.0021 0.0020 0.0015 0.0035 0.0020
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0060 0.0032 0.0040 0.0031 0.0055 0.0032
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0040 0.0021 0.0090 0.0069 0.0054 0.0031
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0040 0.0021 0.0090 0.0069 0.0054 0.0031
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0040 0.0021 0.0090 0.0069 0.0054 0.0031
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0040 0.0021 0.0090 0.0069 0.0054 0.0031
Average in 2016 0.0040 0.0021 0.0087 0.0067 0.0053 0.0031
SO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.00040 0.00021 0.00064 0.00049 0.00046 0.00027
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.00041 0.00022 0.00065 0.00050 0.00047 0.00028
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.00041 0.00022 0.00065 0.00050 0.00047 0.00028
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00043 0.00023 0.00067 0.00051 0.00049 0.00029
2006 0.00048 0.00025 0.00071 0.00055 0.00054 0.00032
2007 0.00047 0.00025 0.00071 0.00055 0.00053 0.00031
2008 0.00044 0.00023 0.00068 0.00052 0.00050 0.00030
2009 0.00044 0.00023 0.00067 0.00051 0.00050 0.00029
2010 0.00040 0.00021 0.00065 0.00050 0.00047 0.00027
2011 0.00039 0.00021 0.00064 0.00049 0.00046 0.00027
2012 0.00038 0.00020 0.00063 0.00048 0.00045 0.00026
2013 0.00035 0.00019 0.00061 0.00047 0.00042 0.00025
2014 0.00034 0.00018 0.00059 0.00045 0.00041 0.00024
2015 0.00034 0.00018 0.00058 0.00045 0.00041 0.00024
2016 0.00033 0.00018 0.00057 0.00044 0.00040 0.00023
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.00040 0.00021 0.00064 0.00050 0.00047 0.00027
CO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 119 63 190 146 138 81
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 122 64 193 149 141 83
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 122 64 193 149 141 83
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 128 67 199 153 147 86
2006 142 75 213 164 161 95
2007 139 73 213 164 159 94
2008 131 69 202 155 150 88
2009 131 69 199 153 149 88
2010 119 63 193 149 139 82
2011 116 61 190 146 136 80
2012 114 60 187 144 134 79
2013 105 55 182 140 126 74
2014 102 54 176 135 122 72
2015 102 54 173 133 121 71
2016 99 52 170 131 119 70
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 120 63 192 148 139 82
CO2e
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 119 63 191 147 139 81
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 123 65 194 149 142 84
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 124 65 194 149 143 84
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 129 68 201 155 149 87
2006 143 75 216 166 163 96
2007 140 74 216 166 161 95
2008 132 69 204 157 151 89
2009 132 69 201 155 151 89
2010 120 63 196 151 141 83
2011 118 62 193 148 138 81
2012 115 60 190 146 135 79
2013 106 56 184 142 127 75
2014 103 54 179 137 124 73
2015 103 54 176 135 123 72
2016 101 53 173 133 120 71
2017 1 1 3 2 2 1
2018 1 1 3 2 2 1
2019 1 1 3 2 2 1
2020 1 1 3 2 2 1
Average in 2016 121 64 195 150 141 83
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 42 22 67 52 49 29
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 43 23 68 52 50 29
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 43 23 68 52 50 29
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 45 24 70 54 52 30
2006 50 26 75 58 57 33
2007 49 26 75 58 56 33
2008 46 24 71 55 53 31
2009 46 24 70 54 52 31
2010 42 22 68 52 49 29
2011 41 22 67 52 48 28
2012 40 21 66 51 47 28
2013 37 19 64 49 44 26
2014 36 19 62 48 43 25
2015 36 19 61 47 43 25
2016 35 18 60 46 42 25
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 42 22 68 52 49 29
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm]
--> 1992 5.1 2.7 8.1 6.3 5.9 3.5
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 5.2 2.7 8.3 6.3 6.0 3.6
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 5.2 2.7 8.3 6.3 6.0 3.6
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 5.5 2.9 8.5 6.5 6.3 3.7
2006 6.1 3.2 9.1 7.0 6.9 4.1
2007 5.9 3.1 9.1 7.0 6.8 4.0
2008 5.6 2.9 8.6 6.6 6.4 3.8
2009 5.6 2.9 8.5 6.5 6.4 3.7
2010 5.1 2.7 8.3 6.3 5.9 3.5
2011 5.0 2.6 8.1 6.3 5.8 3.4
2012 4.9 2.6 8.0 6.2 5.7 3.4
2013 4.5 2.4 7.8 6.0 5.4 3.2
2014 4.4 2.3 7.5 5.8 5.2 3.1
2015 4.4 2.3 7.4 5.7 5.2 3.1
2016 4.2 2.2 7.3 5.6 5.1 3.0
Average in 2016 5.1 2.7 8.2 6.3 6.0 3.5
Energy
Emission standard [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
--> 1992 1.8 1.0 2.9 2.2 2.1 1.2
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 1.9 1.0 2.9 2.3 2.2 1.3
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 1.9 1.0 2.9 2.3 2.2 1.3
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 1.9 1.0 3.0 2.3 2.2 1.3
2006 2.2 1.1 3.2 2.5 2.5 1.4
2007 2.1 1.1 3.2 2.5 2.4 1.4
2008 2.0 1.0 3.1 2.4 2.3 1.3
2009 2.0 1.0 3.0 2.3 2.3 1.3
2010 1.8 1.0 2.9 2.3 2.1 1.2
2011 1.8 0.9 2.9 2.2 2.1 1.2
2012 1.7 0.9 2.9 2.2 2.0 1.2
2013 1.6 0.8 2.8 2.1 1.9 1.1
2014 1.6 0.8 2.7 2.1 1.9 1.1
2015 1.6 0.8 2.6 2.0 1.8 1.1
2016 1.5 0.8 2.6 2.0 1.8 1.1
Average in 2016 1.8 1.0 2.9 2.3 2.1 1.2
Energy
Emission standard [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
--> 1992 0.50 0.27 0.80 0.62 0.59 0.34
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.52 0.27 0.82 0.63 0.60 0.35
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.52 0.27 0.82 0.63 0.60 0.35
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.54 0.28 0.84 0.65 0.62 0.37
2006 0.60 0.32 0.90 0.69 0.68 0.40
2007 0.59 0.31 0.90 0.69 0.67 0.40
2008 0.55 0.29 0.85 0.66 0.63 0.37
2009 0.55 0.29 0.84 0.65 0.63 0.37
2010 0.50 0.27 0.82 0.63 0.59 0.35
2011 0.49 0.26 0.80 0.62 0.58 0.34
2012 0.48 0.25 0.79 0.61 0.56 0.33
2013 0.44 0.23 0.77 0.59 0.53 0.31
2014 0.43 0.23 0.74 0.57 0.52 0.30
2015 0.43 0.23 0.73 0.56 0.51 0.30
2016 0.42 0.22 0.72 0.55 0.50 0.29
Average in 2016 0.51 0.27 0.81 0.63 0.59 0.35
Emission standard Share of mileage [%] Share of mileage, fuel diesel [%]
--> 1992 0.8 0.8
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.7 0.7
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 4.0 4.0
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 13.8 13.8
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 29.1 2006 4.9
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 40.3 2007 6.3
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 11.4 2008 10.8
Total in 2016 100 2009 7.0
2010 8.0
2011 9.6
2012 7.9
2013 7.0
2014 7.7
2015 7.5
2016 3.9
2017
2018
2019
2020
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017