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Gasoline driven car
Note! After Euro 3 compounds depending on consumption are expressed yearly based  Share of urban mileage 27%
Highway driving Urban driving, streets Average (highway + urban)
Car occupancy 1.9 persons Car occupancy 1.3 persons Car occupancy 1.7 persons
CO
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 7.7 4.1 18 14 11 6.2
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 1.1 0.57 1.4 1.1 1.2 0.7
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.86 0.45 0.65 0.50 0.8 0.47
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.79 0.41 0.59 0.46 0.73 0.43
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.44 0.23 0.32 0.24 0.41 0.24
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.40 0.21 0.25 0.19 0.36 0.21
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.40 0.21 0.25 0.19 0.36 0.21
Average in 2016 0.71 0.38 0.73 0.56 0.72 0.42
HC
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.81 0.43 2.0 1.5 1.1 0.66
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.086 0.045 0.18 0.14 0.11 0.065
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.031 0.017 0.053 0.041 0.037 0.022
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.016 0.009 0.017 0.013 0.017 0.010
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0059 0.003 0.0066 0.0050 0.0060 0.0036
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0059 0.0031 0.0073 0.0056 0.0062 0.0037
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0059 0.0031 0.0073 0.0056 0.0062 0.0037
Average in 2016 0.028 0.015 0.053 0.041 0.034 0.020
NOx
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 1.9 1.0 1.7 1.3 1.9 1.1
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.36 0.19 0.42 0.32 0.38 0.22
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.12 0.06 0.26 0.20 0.16 0.094
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.040 0.021 0.082 0.063 0.051 0.030
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.037 0.019 0.076 0.058 0.048 0.028
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.014 0.007 0.034 0.026 0.019 0.011
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.014 0.007 0.034 0.026 0.019 0.011
Average in 2016 0.085 0.044 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.057
PM
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0083 0.0044 0.0048 0.0037 0.0073 0.0043
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0050 0.0026 0.0028 0.0022 0.0044 0.0026
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0073 0.0039 0.0035 0.0027 0.0063 0.0037
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0027 0.0014 0.0017 0.0013 0.0025 0.0014
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.0016 0.00086 0.00093 0.0007 0.0014 0.00085
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.0012 0.00063 0.0019 0.0014 0.0014 0.00081
Average in 2016 0.0028 0.0015 0.0019 0.0015 0.0026 0.0015
CH4
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.027 0.014 0.067 0.052 0.038 0.022
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0072 0.0038 0.015 0.012 0.0093 0.0055
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0026 0.0014 0.0045 0.0034 0.0031 0.0018
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.0014 0.00073 0.0014 0.0011 0.0014 0.00082
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.00047 0.00025 0.00055 0.00042 0.00049 0.00029
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.00049 0.00026 0.00061 0.00047 0.00052 0.00031
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.00049 0.00026 0.00061 0.00047 0.00052 0.00031
Average in 2016 0.0017 0.00091 0.0030 0.0023 0.0021 0.0012
N2O
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.0065 0.0034 0.010 0.0077 0.0074 0.0044
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.0043 0.0023 0.022 0.017 0.0092 0.0054
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.0022 0.0012 0.011 0.0086 0.0047 0.0027
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00020 0.00010 0.0012 0.00092 0.00047 0.00028
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 0.00018 0.00010 0.0018 0.0014 0.00063 0.00037
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 0.00018 0.00010 0.0018 0.0014 0.00063 0.00037
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 0.00018 0.00010 0.0018 0.0014 0.00063 0.00037
Average in 2016 0.00075 0.00040 0.0040 0.0031 0.0016 0.0010
SO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 0.00080 0.00042 0.0012 0.00090 0.00090 0.00053
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.00079 0.00041 0.0012 0.00090 0.00089 0.00052
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.00076 0.00040 0.0012 0.00090 0.00087 0.00051
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.00076 0.00040 0.0012 0.00090 0.00087 0.00051
2006 0.00073 0.00039 0.0011 0.00087 0.00084 0.00050
2007 0.00073 0.00039 0.0011 0.00086 0.00084 0.00049
2008 0.00072 0.00038 0.0010 0.00081 0.00081 0.00047
2009 0.00070 0.00037 0.0010 0.00077 0.00078 0.00046
2010 0.00069 0.00036 0.0010 0.00075 0.00077 0.00045
2011 0.00067 0.00035 0.00094 0.00073 0.00075 0.00044
2012 0.00064 0.00034 0.00090 0.00069 0.00071 0.00042
2013 0.00064 0.00034 0.00090 0.00069 0.00071 0.00042
2014 0.00063 0.00033 0.00088 0.00068 0.00070 0.00041
2015 0.00061 0.00032 0.00087 0.00067 0.00068 0.00040
2016 0.00060 0.00032 0.00085 0.00066 0.00067 0.00039
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.00072 0.00038 0.0011 0.00082 0.00081 0.00048
CO2
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 156 82 228 175 175 103
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 153 81 228 175 173 102
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 149 78 228 175 170 100
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 149 78 228 175 170 100
2006 143 75 222 171 164 97
2007 143 75 219 169 164 96
2008 140 74 204 157 158 93
2009 137 72 196 151 153 90
2010 134 71 190 146 149 88
2011 131 69 184 142 146 86
2012 126 66 175 135 139 82
2013 126 66 175 135 139 82
2014 123 65 172 133 136 80
2015 120 63 169 130 133 78
2016 117 62 167 128 130 77
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 140 74 208 160 159 93
CO2e
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 158 83 233 179 178 105
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 155 81 235 181 176 104
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 150 79 231 178 172 101
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 149 78 228 176 170 100
2006 143 75 223 171 165 97
2007 143 75 220 169 164 96
2008 140 74 205 158 158 93
2009 137 72 196 151 153 90
2010 134 71 190 147 150 88
2011 132 69 185 142 146 86
2012 126 66 176 135 139 82
2013 126 66 176 135 139 82
2014 123 65 173 133 136 80
2015 120 63 170 131 133 78
2016 117 62 167 129 130 77
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 140 74 210 161 159 94
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm] [g/km] [g/pkm]
--> 1992 53 28 78 60 60 35
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 53 28 78 60 59 35
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 51 27 78 60 58 34
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 51 27 78 60 58 34
2006 49 26 76 58 56 33
2007 49 26 75 58 56 33
2008 48 25 70 54 54 32
2009 47 25 67 52 52 31
2010 46 24 65 50 51 30
2011 45 24 63 48 50 29
2012 43 23 60 46 48 28
2013 43 23 60 46 48 28
2014 42 22 59 45 47 27
2015 41 22 58 45 46 27
2016 40 21 57 44 45 26
Average in 2016 48 25 71 55 54 32
Fuel consumption
Emission standard [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm] [l/100km] [l/pkm]
--> 1992 7.1 3.7 10 8.0 8.0 4.7
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 7.0 3.7 10 8.0 7.9 4.7
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 6.8 3.6 10 8.0 7.8 4.6
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 6.8 3.6 10 8.0 7.8 4.6
2006 6.6 3.5 10 7.8 7.5 4.4
2007 6.6 3.5 10 7.7 7.5 4.4
2008 6.4 3.4 9.4 7.2 7.2 4.2
2009 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.9 7.0 4.1
2010 6.2 3.2 8.7 6.7 6.8 4.0
2011 6.0 3.2 8.4 6.5 6.7 3.9
2012 5.8 3.0 8.0 6.2 6.4 3.7
2013 5.8 3.0 8.0 6.2 6.4 3.7
2014 5.6 3.0 7.9 6.1 6.2 3.7
2015 5.5 2.9 7.8 6.0 6.1 3.6
2016 5.4 2.8 7.6 5.9 6.0 3.5
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 6.4 3.4 9.5 7.3 7.3 4.3
Energy
Emission standard [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm] [MJ/km] [MJ/pkm]
--> 1992 2.2 1.2 3.3 2.5 2.5 1.5
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 2.2 1.2 3.3 2.5 2.5 1.5
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 2.1 1.1 3.3 2.5 2.5 1.4
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 2.1 1.1 3.3 2.5 2.5 1.4
2006 2.1 1.1 3.2 2.5 2.4 1.4
2007 2.1 1.1 3.2 2.4 2.4 1.4
2008 2.0 1.1 2.9 2.3 2.3 1.3
2009 2.0 1.0 2.8 2.2 2.2 1.3
2010 1.9 1.0 2.7 2.1 2.2 1.3
2011 1.9 1.0 2.7 2.0 2.1 1.2
2012 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2013 1.8 1.0 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2014 1.8 0.9 2.5 1.9 2.0 1.2
2015 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.1
2016 1.7 0.9 2.4 1.8 1.9 1.1
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 2.0 1.1 3.0 2.3 2.3 1.3
Energy
Emission standard [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm] [kWh/km] [kWh/pkm]
--> 1992 0.62 0.33 0.91 0.70 0.70 0.41
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 0.61 0.32 0.91 0.70 0.69 0.41
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 0.60 0.31 0.91 0.70 0.68 0.40
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 0.60 0.31 0.91 0.70 0.68 0.40
2006 0.57 0.30 0.89 0.68 0.66 0.39
2007 0.57 0.30 0.88 0.67 0.65 0.39
2008 0.56 0.30 0.82 0.63 0.63 0.37
2009 0.55 0.29 0.78 0.60 0.61 0.36
2010 0.54 0.28 0.76 0.58 0.60 0.35
2011 0.53 0.28 0.74 0.57 0.58 0.34
2012 0.50 0.26 0.70 0.54 0.56 0.33
2013 0.50 0.26 0.70 0.54 0.56 0.33
2014 0.49 0.26 0.69 0.53 0.54 0.32
2015 0.48 0.25 0.68 0.52 0.53 0.31
2016 0.47 0.25 0.67 0.51 0.52 0.31
2017
2018            
2019
2020            
Average in 2016 0.56 0.30 0.83 0.64 0.63 0.37
Emission standard Share of mileage [%] Share fo mileage, fuel gasoline [%]
--> 1992 1.4 1.4
EURO 1 (1993 - 1996) 4.9 4.9
EURO 2 (1997 - 2000) 13.2 13.2
EURO 3 (2001 - 2005) 27.9 27.9
EURO 4 (2006 - 2009) 20.3 2006 6.8
EURO 5 (2010 - 2014) 23.8 2007 5.6
EURO 6 (2015 -->) 8.4 2008 4.6
Total in 2016 100 2009 3.3
2010 4.4
2011 5.1
2012 4.8
2013 4.7
2014 4.8
2015 5.3
2016 3.1
2017
2018
2019
2020
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share of biofuels being in 2016 in gasoline (ethanol etc.) 4.8% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017